Proverbs 30:33: "Surely the churning [continuous shaking] of milk [actually, the cream that rises to the top of raw milk] bringeth forth [produces, results in] butter, and the wringing [squeezing, punching, or continuous blowing] of the nose bringeth forth blood: so [does] the forcing of wrath [anger] bringeth forth strife [disagreements, conflicts]."
If you don't want to fight with people, try not to "push their buttons."
Pastor Delany of Salem Bible Church explains why we should avoid forcing an issue. In paragraphs 2, 5, 6, and 7 of the "One Application: …" section toward the end of his commentary on this verse, he says:
"2. The application here is obvious.
"a. The potential for anger is resident in all of us - in all men. All men are sinners and have a sin nature. Anger resides in our hearts.
"b. If you leave it alone, the anger will not surface.
"c. But if you keep on pressing an issue, (provoking others) eventually, you will FORCE the potential for anger to become actual and it will manifest itself outwardly.
"d. It's guaranteed. It's not magic; it's a scientific principle. It has been observed and measured so many times consistently, that it is a scientific law of our fallen nature.
"5. So too with anger.
"a. You can talk about irritating and upsetting issues for a while without causing people to blow up. They can handle it for a while-like a few shakes of the cream and the cream doesn't change.
"b. However, you can press an issue only so far before people reach their breaking point.
"c. If you continually bring up issues that get people angry, eventually, it will 'bring forth' STRIFE… a big fight.
"d. This too is guaranteed.
"6. We can be guilty of stirring up trouble-of irritating the passions of others-of forcing an issue to someone's breaking point.
"a. And perhaps they should not break forth into anger. If they do, they are guilty of anger. We are all responsible for our own actions.
"b. But the one who forces the issue also bears responsibility.
"c. Light brings accountability.
"d. Here Agur gives us some light: 'A' results in 'B'. Therefore, we persist in 'A' (forcing issues that make people mad), we bear responsibility in the predictable result: 'B'-strife!
"7. The POTENTIAL for wrath resides in all of us.
"a. Oftentimes there are folks who may be angry over a particular issue. It may be a sore spot with them.
"b. However, they may be trying to keep it in check. They may be trying not to get angry.
"c. But if you or I keep on pressing the issue-we should expect that person to blow up eventually.
"d. Even a man who wants peace (like cream sitting there minding its own business) can be pushed and irritated enough to break out into strife.
"e. That's Agur's point: therefore DON'T keep on pressing an issue."
If you want to read the rest of the commentary, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch30_html/Prov.30.33.htm.
Proverbs 29:15: "The rod [a thin, pliable (bendable) stick (like the small, flexible 'rod' that comes with mini blinds) used for punishment, as in spanking] and reproof [verbal correction when someone is doing wrong] give wisdom [to the person being disciplined]: but a child left to himself [an undisciplined child, who is spoiled, neglected, or allowed to do what he or she wants to do] bringeth his [or her] mother to shame [i.e., humiliates or embarrasses her]."
In paragraph 3 of his commentary on the above verse, under the section entitled "But a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame," Pastor Delany of Salem Bible Church points out that:
"b. If a child becomes self-willed and leads a sinful life BECAUSE his parents did not train or discipline him (both verbally and physically with a rod), then shame on those parents!
"c. But we should note that sometimes, even with good training and good, consistent discipline, a child (who has a will of his own) will sometimes CHOOSE to reject all counsel and training.
"d. In that case, shame on the child, not the parents. They did what God commanded them to do. They are to be praised.
"e. A set of parents could have identical twins, give them both the exact same teaching and training, the same discipline, the same school, the same home, the same church, the same everything… and one could become a faithful missionary and the other could become a serial killer.
"f. There are no guarantees with kids-not when every human being has his own free will to make choices in life."
In another paragraph, he says, "It is never ok to use the rod without the verbal reproof and reasoning… assuming the child is old enough to reason with."
If you want to read the rest of the commentary, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch29_html/Prov.29.15.htm.
Proverbs 28:4: "They that forsake [those who reject, have no respect for, refuse to obey] the law [of the land, including laws of God (found in the Bible) and laws of man (regulated by the government)] praise the wicked [people--those who do bad things, including 'insignificant' ones, like cheating on their taxes]: but such as [those who] keep [obey] the law contend with them [the wicked--by vigorously opposing their sinful actions and attempting to defend the principles of law and order]."
The first half of this verse can be summed up as follows: "Wrongdoers encourage one another." (Source: www.studylight.org/commentary/proverbs/28-4.html, "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible")
Salem Bible Church has a detailed commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch28_html/Prov.28.4.htm.
Proverbs 27:10: "Thine own friend, and thy father's friend, forsake not [don't abandon or desert your close friends and your family friends, especially in time of need]; neither go into thy brother's house in the day of thy calamity [tribulation, trouble]: for [because] [when you need help,] better is a neighbour that is near than a brother far off [a friend or neighbor who lives nearby is better than a relative who lives far away]."
In his commentary on this verse, Pastor Jim Delany of Salem Bible Church, says the point of this proverb is that "all throughout life, there is great value in maintaining relationships with friends and family." He adds that the phrase better is a neighbour that is near than a brother far off can also apply to people you like or love and get along with and those you don't, such as family members who are estranged.
Another commentary explains the second half of the verse like this: "What is related here is a sad fact that brothers (or sisters) may sometimes be quite unwilling to aid each other in times of misfortune or distress. Cook revised the proverb here as follows: 'Better is the neighbor who is really "near" in heart and spirit than a brother who is "near" by blood but "far off" in brotherly feeling.'" (Source: www.studylight.org/commentary/proverbs/27-10.html, "Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible")
If you want to read Pastor Delany's commentary, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch27_html/Prov.27.10.htm.
John 3:16: "For God so loved the world [he loved everyone in the world so much], that he gave his only begotten Son [he allowed his only true Son, Jesus (who was not adopted, like born-again Christians are--see note below*), to die on the cross to pay for our sins], [so] that whosoever believeth in him [whoever, through faith, trusts Jesus as Savior] should not perish [be tormented forever, first in hell and then in the lake of fire], but have everlasting life [in heaven]."
*For an explanation of only begotten Son in the above verse, read the article entitled "What does it mean that Jesus is God's only begotten son?" Here's the link: www.gotquestions.org/only-begotten-son.html.
Romans 6:6 [In a letter to the saints (born-again Christians) in Rome, the apostle Paul wrote]: "Knowing this, that our old man [our sinful and corrupt nature] is crucified [put to death, as if on the cross] with him [Jesus], [so] that the body of sin might be destroyed [become inoperative and powerless], [and so] that henceforth [from now on] we should not serve [be a slave to or be controlled by] sin [personified (likened to a person)--as a master]."
Proverbs 24:1-2: "Be not thou envious against [don't be jealous of] evil men [people] [and what they have], neither [and don't] desire to be with them. For their heart [minds] studieth [plan] destruction [ways to physically harm other people, steal their possessions, destroy their reputations, etc.], and their lips talk of mischief [doing bad things]."
Don't associate with bad people or you might be tempted to do what they do. Remember: Bad usually rubs off on good, not vice versa (the other way around).
Here's the link to Salem Bible Church's commentary on these verses: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch24_html/Prov.24.1.htm.
Proverbs 23:17-18 - Don't Envy Sinners
Verse 17: "Let not thine [don't let your] heart [mind] envy [be jealous of] sinners [wicked and/or unsaved people] [or what they have or how well off they are]: but be thou in the fear of the LORD [i.e., focus on God] all the day long."
Verse 18: "For [because] surely there is an end [to the sinners' lives and prosperity (success, wealth, luxury, etc.), as, for example, on judgment day]; and thine expectation [your hope--of eternal life in heaven] shall not be cut off."
According to Pastor Jim Delany of Salem Bible church, we can wonder why God allows sinners to prosper (be successful, rich, etc.), but we are not to envy them, because that is sin.
If you want to read Pastor Delany's commentary on the above verses, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch23_html/Prov.23.17.htm.
Proverbs 22:1: "A good name [reputation] is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour [acceptance, approval] [by or from everyone--people and God] [is to be chosen] rather than silver and gold."
At the end of his commentary on this verse, Pastor Jim Delany of Salem Bible Church said: "A good name and favor is not something after which that we should CONSCIOUSLY seek. … But a life dedicated to pleasing God will usually earn the respect and favor of men too."
If you want to read the rest of the commentary, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch22_html/Prov.22.1.htm.
Proverbs 21:4: "An high [haughty, conceited] look, and a proud heart [pride], and the plowing of the wicked [people--men, women, and children] [i.e., their hard hearts and everything they do, especially their bad intentions and actions, or evil schemes and deeds], is sin."
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch21_html/Prov.21.4.htm.
Proverbs 20:20: "Whoso [whoever] curseth [belittles (puts down, treats as unimportant), disregards, insults, does not respect] his [or her] father or his [or her] mother, his [or her] lamp shall be put out [extinguished] in obscure [total, complete] darkness."
This is a proverb about rebellious children, who will probably treat other people in authority (teachers, bosses, police officers, etc.) the way they treat their parents and, as a result, will suffer the consequences of their attitudes and actions throughout their lives. According to Pastor Delany of Salem Bible Church (in paragraph 3 of his commentary):
"e. This rebellious, self-willed young person cannot expect much good in life.
"f. His life will ramble on from bad to worse…
"g. Things will NOT go well for him. His life will be miserable.
"h. He should not expect much comfort, rest, or success in life.
"i. The days of his life are likely to be short but not sweet."
If you want to read Pastor Delany's commentary, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch20_html/Prov.20.20.htm.
Proverbs 19:27 [King Solomon said]: "Cease [stop], my son, to hear [listening to] the instruction [any teaching] that causeth [you] to err [be led astray] from the words of knowledge [God's word]."
In other words, stop listening to bad advice and false teachings about the Bible. This warning applies to Solomon's son and to everyone else in the world.
According to Pastor Delany of Salem Bible Church, the proverb can be interpreted in two ways--one positive and one negative--but they have the same basic meaning. He explains both in his commentary. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch19_html/Prov.19.27.htm.
Genesis 19:1-26 - Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
This took place after God promised Abraham that he wouldn't destroy the city of Sodom if he could find at least ten righteous people there.
Verses 1-3: "And there came two angels to Sodom at even [in the evening]; and Lot sat in the gate of [at the entrance to] Sodom: and Lot seeing them [the angels] rose [stood] up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground [to show respect]; And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry [stay] all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early [in the morning], and go on your ways. And they said, Nay [no]; but we will abide [stay] in the street all night. And he pressed upon them greatly [insisted]; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread [made without yeast], and they did eat."
Verses 4-5: "But before they [the angels] lay down [on their beds to sleep], the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round [surrounded the house], both old and young, all the people from every quarter [every corner of the city]: And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee [your house] this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know [have sex with] them."
Verses 6-8: "And Lot went out at the door unto them [went outside], and shut the door after him, And said, I pray [beg] you, brethren [neighbors], do not [do] so wickedly. Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man [intimately, meaning they were virgins]; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes [he either thought that this was the lesser of two evils or that the men of the city wouldn't be interested in them]: only unto these men [i.e., the angels] do nothing; for therefore [this reason] came they under the shadow of my roof [i.e., for safety, so he thought]."
Verses 9-11: "And they [the men of Sodom] said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow [referring to Lot] came in to sojourn [stay here temporarily], and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee [you--Lot], than with them [the angels]. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot [i.e., they attacked and beat Lot], and came near to break [down] the door. But the men [the angels] put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door. And they smote [struck] the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great [young and old]: so that they wearied themselves to find the door [they couldn't find it]."
Verses 12-14: "And the men [the angels] said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place: For we will destroy this place [the city of Sodom], because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD [the evil deeds of the people have greatly offended God]; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it [the city]. And Lot went out, and spake [spoke] unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law. [They thought that he was kidding and consequently didn't heed his warning.]"
Verses 15-17: "And when the morning arose [at the break of day, before the sun came up], then the angels hastened Lot [they told him to hurry], saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou [or you will] be consumed in the [punishment for the] iniquity [immorality] of the city. And while he lingered [Lot was reluctant to leave], the men [the angels] laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without [outside of] the city. And it came to pass, when they [the angels] had brought them forth abroad [outside], that he [the angel of the Lord] said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee [hurry--run, and don't look back], neither stay thou in all the plain [of Jordan]; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed [or you'll be burned up]."
Verses 18-23: "And Lot said unto them [the angels, especially the angel of the Lord], Oh, not so, my Lord: Behold now, thy servant hath found grace [favor] in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy [kindness], which thou hast shewed [shown] unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil [over]take me, and I die: Behold now, this city [Bela] is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither [there], (is it not a little one [city]?) and my soul shall live. And he [the angel of the Lord] said unto him [Lot], See, I have accepted thee [granted approval of your request] concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city [Bela], for the which [reason] thou hast spoken. Haste thee [hurry], escape thither [there]; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither [until you have arrived in Bela]. Therefore the name of the city was called [changed to] Zoar. The sun was risen upon the earth [it was the next morning] when Lot entered into Zoar."
Verses 24-26: "Then the LORD [God] rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone [sulfur] and fire from the LORD out of heaven; And he [God] overthrew [destroyed] those cities [Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim], and all [everything] [that was on] the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. But [for some reason--curiosity, unbelief that God would really destroy Sodom, reluctance to leave her home, longing to have what she left behind, etc.] his [Lot's] wife [ignored the angel's instructions and] looked back from behind him [from behind her husband, Lot, because she was following him], and she became a pillar [statue] of salt." [Note: The place where this occurred is now known as the Dead Sea, or Salt Sea.]
Among other things, this story teaches us that (1) some sins are much worse than others, (2) God punishes sin, (3) we need to heed God's warnings, and (4) God is merciful and protects Christians (and sometimes their families) from harm. In addition, applying what we learned in verse 22 above ("Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither") to future events, the seven-year tribulation won't be allowed to begin until after all true Christians have been raptured (removed from the earth).
Proverbs 12:2: "A good man [a kind-hearted person, who has been saved by God's grace and walks in obedience to his word] obtaineth favour of the LORD [has a pleasing relationship with God and receives guidance, protection, and blessings from him]: but a man of wicked devices [an ungodly person (see note below*), someone who does bad things] will he [God] condemn [reject or punish]."
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch12_html/Prov.12.2.htm.
*For the definition of ungodly, read "What does it mean to be ungodly? What is ungodliness?" Here's the link: www.gotquestions.org/ungodly-ungodliness.html.
Proverbs 11:14: "Where no counsel [direction, guidance, advice--and especially good spiritual advice] is, the people [individuals as well as kingdoms, nations, etc.] fall [into ruin and destruction, or are defeated]: but in the multitude [abundance, large number] of counsellors [advisers] there is safety."
We all need excellent advice before making important decisions.
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch11_html/Prov.11.14.htm.
Proverbs 10:22 "The blessing of the LORD [referring to earthly, or physical, blessings (such as riches, material possessions, etc.) rather than spiritual blessings], it maketh [a person] rich, and he [God] addeth no sorrow with it."
God's blessings (normally, the result of hard work) come without worries or regrets, so we should enjoy the things we have and thank God for them.
Salem Bible Church has two commentaries on this verse. If you want to read one or both of them, here are the links:
Proverbs 9:8: "Reprove not [don't criticize or correct] a scorner [someone who mocks (ridicules, makes fun of) God, truth, holiness, or righteousness], lest he hate thee [or he (or she) might hate you]: rebuke [correct] a wise man [person], and he [or she] will love thee."
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse, which is combined with verses 7 and 9. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch9_html/Prov.9.7.htm.
Proverbs 8:10-12 - Advice From "Lady Wisdom"
Verses 10-11: "Receive my instruction [correction, discipline, and--if necessary--punishment], and not silver; and [receive] knowledge rather than choice gold. For wisdom is better [more valuable] than rubies [jewels, precious stones … money, riches]; and all the things that may be desired [such as fame, power, position, etc.] are not to be compared to it."
Verse 12: "I wisdom [consisting of experience, knowledge, and good judgment] dwell with prudence [discretion, caution] [i.e., wisdom and prudence go together because we need prudence in order to put wisdom into practice], and find out knowledge of witty inventions [clever plots] [of our enemies--to deceive, fool, or mislead us]."
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch8_html/Prov.8.10.htm.
1 Peter 2:18-23 - How to Respond When We're Treated Unkindly
Verses 18-19: "Servants [people who are hired to help others], be subject [obedient] to your masters with all fear [showing them proper reverence and respect]; not only to the good [good-natured, kind, merciful] and gentle [ones], but also to the froward [those who are wicked and unjust]. For this is thankworthy [acceptable to God], if a man [or woman or child] for conscience toward God [who is acting according to his or her conscience concerning the things of God] endure grief [trouble, annoyance, abuse], suffering wrongfully [unjustly]."
Verse 20: "For what glory [praise, honor, credit] is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your faults [when you are punished for bad or wrong things you have done], ye shall take it patiently [bravely, calmly, without resistance or complaining]? but if, when ye do well [do good, do right, don't do anything wrong], and suffer [reproach and persecution] for it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God."
Verses 21-23: "For even hereunto [to this] were ye [born-again Christians] called: because Christ [Jesus] also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow [in] his steps [footsteps] [i.e., imitate him]: Who [referring to Jesus] did no sin [never sinned], neither was guile [deceit, hypocrisy, insincerity] found in his mouth: Who, when he was reviled [insulted by others], reviled not again [did not insult them back]; when he suffered [injustice, beatings, etc.], he threatened not [did not threaten punishment or vengeance]; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously [honestly, fairly, justly] [i.e., to God]:"
Proverbs 6:23-26 - A Father's Advice to His Son
In this passage, King Solomon is teaching his son how to avoid the sin of adultery.
Verse 23: "For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light [Solomon is referring to fatherly advice and God's word being a lamp and a light to help his son avoid the hidden dangers in life]; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life [i.e., warnings are a necessary part of life]:"
Verse 24: "[Warnings are necessary] To keep thee [protect you] from the evil woman [the whore, harlot, adulteress], [and to protect you] from the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman."
Verse 24: When an "evil woman" flatters you (gives insincere praise and compliments), DON'T LISTEN!
Verse 25: "Lust not [don't lust] after her beauty in thine heart [mind]; neither let her take thee [and don't let her take you] [captive] with her eyelids [i.e., by flirting]."
Verse 25: When she tries to tempt you by dressing immodestly and/or flirting, DON'T LOOK!
According to the Salem Bible Church commentary (see link below), it's hard to avoid the "evil woman" referred to above, as she can now be found almost everywhere, including on TV, in movie theaters, at the beach, on the Internet (especially pornographic websites), on billboards, in magazines, etc.
Verse 26: "For by means of a whorish woman [by participating in her kind of lifestyle] a man is brought to a piece of bread [he may experience alcohol and/or drug abuse, divorce, a broken home, poverty, etc.]: and the adulteress will hunt for the precious life [in order to destroy it]."
Although the above advice is directed specifically toward Solomon's son, it actually applies to all young people, females as well as males, since there are also many evil men in the world who attempt to seduce innocent young women.
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch6_html/Prov.6.24.htm.
Proverbs 17:17: "A friend loveth at all times [a true and faithful friend will stick by you in good times and bad], and a brother [relative] is born for adversity [to comfort, encourage, help, and support his or her family members when they are in trouble or distress]."
Jesus is the greatest example of a friend who "loveth at all times," and a song has been written about that fact. Performed by the Irish singer Daniel O'Donnell, "My Forever Friend" has beautiful music, excellent singing, and wonderful words. If you want to listen to it, here's the link: www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_56YjNieS4.
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on the above verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch17_html/Prov.17.17.htm.
Matthew 7:12 [During his Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said]: "Therefore all things whatsoever ye would [desire] that men [and women and children] should do to you, do ye even so to them [i.e., treat them the same way]: for this is the law and the prophets [Old Testament teaching]."
You may be familiar with the Golden Rule ("Do unto others as you would have them do unto you"), which was taken from this verse. It is explained in the article entitled "What is the Golden Rule?" If you want to read it, here's the link: www.gotquestions.org/Golden-Rule.html.
Philippians 4:13 [in a letter to the Christians at Philippi, the apostle Paul wrote]: "I can do all things [start and finish my work, bear (endure) all trials, resist temptation, etc.] through [Jesus] Christ which strengtheneth [who strengthens] me."
If you're a born-again Christian, like Paul, the Lord Jesus will help you, too.
Proverbs 2:6: "For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding."
We get wisdom by studying and obeying God's word (as found in the Bible).
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch2_html/Prov.2.6.htm.
Psalm 25:15-18 - King David's Prayer to God
Verse 15: "Mine eyes are ever toward the LORD [i.e., always looking to him for help]; for he shall pluck [pull] my feet out of the net [trap … laid by the wicked]."
Verse 16: "Turn thee [turn your attention, Lord] unto me, and have mercy [pity, compassion] upon me; for I am desolate [alone, forsaken] and afflicted [tormented]."
Verses 17-18: "The troubles of my heart [my sorrows] are enlarged [great]: O bring thou me out of my distresses [physical and/or mental sufferings]. Look upon mine affliction [misery and sorrow] and my pain; and forgive all my sins."