Psalm 34:9-10: "O fear the LORD [reverence him, honor him], ye his saints [you born-again Christians]: for there is no want [lack or deficiency of something that is needed] to them that fear him. The young lions do lack [food], and suffer hunger: but they that seek the LORD [both in prayer and as their savior and friend] shall not want [be without] any good thing."
Luke 14:12-15 - Jesus, in the Home of a Chief Pharisee
Verse 12: "Then said he [Jesus] also to him that bade [invited] him [to his house to eat], When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy [don't just invite your] friends, nor thy brethren [brothers, family members], neither thy kinsmen [relatives], nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again [because they'll probably do the same to you; i.e., invite you to their 'party'], and a recompence [return favor] be made thee [to you]."
Verses 13-14: "But when thou makest a feast [when you have a dinner party], call [invite] the poor, the maimed [people with severe injuries or missing limbs (arms, legs)], the lame [people who limp or walk with difficulty], the blind: And thou shalt be blessed [both by God in the day of judgment and in the happiness you receive by doing good]; for they cannot recompense [repay] thee: for thou shalt be recompensed [rewarded] at the resurrection [raising up] of the just [the righteous; i.e., born-again Christians]."
Verse 15: "And when one of them that sat at meat [sat at the table to eat] with him [Jesus; i.e., one of the other guests] heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God [heaven]."
Jeremiah 32:26-27: "Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah [the prophet; i.e., God spoke to him], saying, Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh [creator of mankind (the human race)]: is there any thing too hard for me?"
Ephesians 4:26: "Be ye angry [if you become angry at other people's sins, unfortunate circumstances (bad things that happen), etc.], and sin not [don't sin yourself]: let not the sun go down upon your wrath [try not to hold a grudge or seek revenge]:"
Meaning of the verse, according to Albert Barnes' commentary: "If you be angry, which may be the case, and which may be unavoidable, see that the sudden excitement does not become sin. Do not let it overlap its proper bounds; do not cherish it; do not let it remain in your bosom even to the setting of the sun. Though the sun be sinking in the west, let not the passion linger in the bosom, but let his last rays find you always peaceful and calm." (Source: www.godvine.com/bible/ephesians/4-26)
Proverbs 23:22 [advice for children, especially young adults]: "Hearken unto [listen to and obey] thy father that begat thee [who helped to conceive (produce, give life to) you; i.e., your biological father], and despise not thy mother [don't disrespect your mother or treat her advice as unimportant] when she is old."
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch23_html/Prov.23.22.htm.
Please note: The commentary on verse 22 is combined with verse 23, which says: "Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding."
Luke 2:41-52 - Jesus Teaching in the Temple:
Verses 41-42: "Now his parents [Jesus' earthly parents, Mary and Joseph] went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover [a time of celebration to commemorate (remember) the Passover]. And when he [Jesus] was twelve years old, they [all] went up to Jerusalem after [according to] the custom of the feast."
Verses 43-45: "And when they had fulfilled the days [of the Passover; i.e., had stayed at the feast for eight days], as they returned [home], the child Jesus tarried [remained] behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother [Mary] knew not of it [didn't know about it]. But they, supposing him to have been in the company [assuming that he was somewhere in the large group of travelers], went a day's journey; and they sought [looked for] him among their kinsfolk [relatives] and acquaintance [neighbors and friends]. And when they found him not, they turned back again [returned] to Jerusalem, seeking him."
Verses 46-47: "And it came to pass, that after three days they found him [Jesus] in the ["court" of the] temple, sitting in the midst [middle] of the doctors [religious teachers, rabbis], both hearing [listening to] them, and asking them questions. And all that [who] heard him were astonished at his understanding [of the law and the scriptures] and answers [to the doctors' questions]."
Verses 48-49: "And when they [his parents] saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us [why have you frightened us and caused us to worry]? behold, thy [human] father [Joseph] and I have sought thee sorrowing [searched for you with great sadness, anxiety, and concern]. And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not [didn't you know] that I must be about my Father's [God's] business? And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them."
Verses 50-51: "And he went down [from Jerusalem] with them, and came to Nazareth [where they lived], and was subject unto [was respectful and obedient to] them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart [i.e., remembered them].
Verse 52: "And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature [height], and in favour with God and man[*]."
*Here's what James Burton Coffman's commentary says about verse 52: "The fourfold development of Christ: mentally, physically, socially, and spiritually is here affirmed, exactly the type of growth and development that is inherent in the very fact of the incarnation. He who 'emptied himself' and became a man found it needful to pass through the helplessness of infancy, the ignorance of babyhood, and the incompetence of adolescence just like all men. The true humanity of our Lord is thus brilliantly presented by Luke, no less than his true deity. That this is the greatest mystery of all ages is a fact; but that has not prevented the full acceptance of it by the faithful of all ages." (Source: www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/view.cgi?bk=41&ch=2)
1 Corinthians 15:33: "Be not deceived [misled, fooled]: evil communications [bad company, friends, and companions] corrupt good manners [destroy good morals, negatively influence your behavior (change it from good to bad)]."
James 5:13: "Is any among you afflicted [troubled by physical or mental pain and/or suffering (sickness, death of a loved one, disappointment, persecution, loss of property, etc.)]? let him [or her] pray [to God]. Is any[one] merry [happy]? let him sing psalms [songs of praise to God]."
Concerning the phrase let him pray in the above verse, John Gill's commentary says: "Times of afflictions are proper times for prayer; there is then more especially need of it; and God sometimes lays his afflicting hand upon his people, when they have been negligent of their duty, and he has not heard of them for some time, in order to bring them near to him, to seek his face, pay him a visit, and pour out a prayer before him …" (Source: www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/gills-exposition-of-the-bible/james-5-13.html)
James 2:15-18 - Faith and Works:
Verses 15-16: "If a brother or sister [someone, especially a fellow Christian (brother or sister in Christ)] be naked [without clothes, dressed in rags], and destitute of [lacking, without enough] daily food, And one of you say unto them, Depart [go away, leave] in peace, be ye warmed and filled [properly clothed and fed]; notwithstanding ye give them not [but you don't give them] those things which are needful to [necessary for] the body; what doth it profit [what good does it do]?
Verses 17-18: "Even so faith [in Christ for salvation], if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. Yea [yes], a man may say, Thou hast [you have] faith, and I have works: shew me [show me, give evidence of] thy [your] faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works."[*]
*Meaning of verse 18, according to Albert Barnes' commentary: "And I will show thee my faith by my works - I will furnish in this way the best and most certain proof of the existence of faith. It is implied here that true faith is adapted to lead to a holy life, and that such a life would be the appropriate evidence of the existence of faith. By their fruits the principles held by men are known." (Source: www.godvine.com/bible/james/2-18)
Matthew 18:10 [Jesus, speaking to his disciples]: "Take heed [pay attention to the warning] that ye despise not [don't hate] one of these little ones [born-again Christians*]; for I say unto you, That in heaven their [guardian] angels do always behold [look upon, see] the face of my Father [God] which is in heaven."
*The phrase "one of these little ones" refers to what Jesus said in Matthew 18:2-3: "And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in the midst of them, And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven."
Proverbs 10:1: "The proverbs of [King] Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son [one who lacks (doesn't have) good sense and judgment] is the heaviness of his mother [brings grief (sorrow, sadness) and trouble to her]."
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch10_html/Prov.10.1.htm.
Jeremiah 22:3 [what God told his prophet Jeremiah to say to the king of Judah]: "Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness [judge correctly], and deliver [rescue] the spoiled [people whose possessions have been stolen] out of the hand of the oppressor [from cruel and oppressive rulers (dictators, etc.)]: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger [traveler, temporary resident], the fatherless [orphan], nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood [and don't harm or murder innocent and defenseless persons, including babies] in this place."
Proverbs 17:13: "Whoso [whoever] rewardeth [returns, repays] evil [bad actions] for good [deeds (kindnesses)], evil [bad things; e.g., sickness, accidents, money problems, etc.] shall not depart [go away] from his house [from him and his family]."
Salem Bible Church has a good commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch17_html/Prov.17.13.htm.
Genesis 2:7 [referring to Adam, the first man]: "And the LORD God formed man [his body] of the dust of the ground [from the soil … or clay, since the dust (dirt) was probably moistened (made slightly wet) with the mist that went up from the earth], and breathed into his nostrils [nose] the breath of life; and man became a living soul [person]."
Verse 13: "But to which of the angels said he [God] at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool [until your enemies are conquered, vanquished, brought under control or subjection]?[*]
Verse 14: Are they [the angels] not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for [serve, help, care for, and protect] them who shall be heirs of salvation [those who will someday inherit (be given, receive) eternal life; i.e., born-again Christians, who have become part of the family of God (children of God) through adoption]?"
*Answer to the question in verse 13: To none of the angels. God actually made this promise to his Son, Jesus (the Messiah), as recorded in Psalm 110:1: "The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool."
Note: In his commentary on verse 14, Albert Barnes gives examples of ways that angels minister to us. If you want to read it, click on the link (www.godvine.com/bible/hebrews/1-14) and scroll down to "Barnes' Notes."
Philippians 4:11 [the apostle Paul, in a letter to the saints (Christians) at Philippi, after thanking them for their kindness in sending him a gift while he was a prisoner in Rome]: "Not that I speak in respect of [in regard to things I may] want: for I have learned [from God and through experience], in whatsoever state I am [that whatever condition and/or place I'm in], therewith to be content [I should be satisfied (at peace) with it]."
Romans 12:18: "If it be possible, as much as lieth in you [as long as it's within your power (ability) to do so], live peaceably [peacefully, in peace] with all men [everyone]."
Albert Barnes has an excellent commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, click on the link (www.godvine.com/bible/romans/12-18) and scroll down to "Barnes' Notes."
Matthew 7:6: "Give not [don't give] that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye [and don't throw] your pearls before swine [pigs], lest they [otherwise, the swine will] trample them under their feet [stomp on and crush the pearls], and [the dogs will] turn again and rend you [turn around and tear you apart]."
Meaning of the words in the above verse, according to Albert Barnes' commentary:
Holy - Anything connected with religion--admonitions (warnings), precepts (rules of action),
doctrine (set of beliefs)
Dogs - People who reject, oppose, and abuse the gospel
Pearls - Precious words; i.e., the truth of the gospel
Swine - People who don't know the value of the gospel
Here's how Mr. Barnes explains the above verse: "The meaning of this proverb, then, is, do not offer your doctrine to those violent and abusive people who would growl and curse you; nor to those especially debased and profligate [careless and foolish people] who would not perceive its value, would trample it down, and would abuse you."
Reference: Barnes' Notes on Matthew 7:6 (www.godvine.com/bible/matthew/7-6).
Verses 20-22: "And Moses said unto them [the children of Gad and Reuben (two of the twelve tribes of Israel)], If ye will do this thing [which you have promised], if ye will go armed before the LORD to war [with the other ten tribes], And will go all of you armed over [the river] Jordan before the [ark of the] LORD, until he [God] hath driven out his enemies from before him, And the land [Canaan] be subdued [is conquered, brought under subjection or control] before the LORD: then afterward ye shall return [to this side of the river], and be guiltless [free from guilt, innocent, blameless] before the LORD, and before [the rest of the tribes of] Israel; and this land [Gilead] shall be your possession before the LORD."
Verses 23: "But if ye will not do so [keep your promise], behold, ye have sinned against the LORD: and be sure your sin will find you out [will bring deserved punishment on you]."
There is more information concerning the above verses in the following article: "What should we learn from the tribe of Gad?" If you want to read it, here's the link: www.gotquestions.org/tribe-of-Gad.html.
In addition, I found a very detailed map of Old Testament Israel showing where the various tribes settled. If you want to view it, here's the link: www.bible-history.com/geography/ancient-israel/israel-old-testament.html.When you click on names in the map, you'll find Bible verses pertaining to the people and places involved.
Proverbs 14:14: "The backslider in heart [a born-again Christian who stops following God and falls back into sin or becomes more focused on worldly things than on his/her spiritual life] shall be filled with [the consequences of] his own ways: and a [spiritually, ethically, morally] good man shall be satisfied from [within; i.e., at peace with] himself."
I highly recommend the Bible studies in Proverbs by Jim Delany, pastor of Salem Bible Church, because they're excellent. If you want to read his commentary on the above verse, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch14_html/Prov.14.14.htm.
Romans 8:35-37 - Assurance for Christians:
Verse 35: "Who shall separate us from the love of [Jesus] Christ? shall
tribulation [great trouble or suffering],
or distress [extreme anxiety, sadness, or pain],
or persecution [cruel or unfair treatment, especially due to race or religious or political beliefs],
or famine [shortage of food],
or nakedness [no clothes],
or peril [danger of any kind],
or sword [death by the sword, including beheading]?
Verse 36: As it is written [in Psalm 44:22*], For thy [your--in this verse, God's] sake we are killed [put to death] all the day long [constantly]; we are accounted [regarded by our enemies] as sheep for the slaughter [to be killed or butchered without remorse (feelings of regret or guilt)].
Verse 37: Nay [no], in all these things we are more than conquerors [victors, winners] through him that loved us [Jesus]."
*Psalm 44:22: "Yea, for thy sake are we killed all the day long; we are counted as sheep for the slaughter."
Ezekiel 33:10-11 [God, in a vision, telling his prophet Ezekiel what to say]: "Therefore, O thou son of man, speak unto the house of Israel [descendants of Isaac's son (Abraham's grandson) Jacob, who was renamed Israel by God]; Thus ye speak, saying, If our transgressions and our sins be upon us, and we pine away in [become weak or depressed because of] them, how should we then live? Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but [prefer] that the wicked turn from his [evil] way and live [remain alive]: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?"
1 John 3:17: "But whoso [whoever] hath this world's good [things in his (or her) possession], and seeth his brother have need [and notices that someone (especially another Christian) needs food, clothing, shelter, etc.], and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him [and doesn't offer to help], how dwelleth the love of God in him [how can the love of God be in him]?"
Proverbs 12:22: "Lying lips are abomination [hateful, detestable, disgusting] to the LORD: but they that deal truly are his delight."
As usual, Salem Bible Church has an excellent commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch12_html/Prov.12.22.htm.
Matthew 10:32-33 [Jesus speaking]: "Whosoever [whoever] therefore shall confess me before men [acknowledge me publicly; i.e., declare (state, express, make known to others) his (or her) faith and trust in (dependence on) me alone for salvation], him will I confess also before my Father [God] which is in heaven. But whosoever shall deny me before men [refuse to acknowledge me publicly], him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven."
Psalm 30:4-5: "Sing unto the LORD, O ye saints of his [you born-again Christians], and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness [compassion, goodness, kindness, mercy]. For his anger endureth [lasts] but a moment [only for a short time]; in his favour is life [both on earth and in heaven (i.e., eternal life)]: weeping [crying] may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning."
1 Thessalonians 5:17: "Pray without ceasing [stopping]."
GotQuestions.org has a good explanation of this verse in their article entitled "What does it mean to pray without ceasing?" Here's an excerpt:
-- "Paul is not referring to non-stop talking, but rather an attitude of God-consciousness and God-surrender that we carry with us all the time. Every waking moment is to be lived in an awareness that God is with us and that He is actively involved and engaged in our thoughts and actions."
If you want to read the entire article, here's the link: www.gotquestions.org/pray-without-ceasing.html.
James 4:4 [warning for Christians]: "Ye [spiritual] adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world [loving the things of this world (unsaved people, worldly pleasures, etc.) more than we love God] is enmity with [shows that we are actively opposed to or unfriendly toward] God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God."
Psalm 19:14 [King David's prayer to God]: "Let the words of my mouth [all the words that I speak], and the meditation of my heart [all of my thoughts], be acceptable in thy sight [be pleasing to you], O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer [the one who has saved me from my sins]."
Revelation 12:7-9 [part of the apostle John's vision]: "And there was war in heaven: Michael [the archangel; i.e., an angel of high rank] and his [followers, the good] angels fought against the dragon [Satan]; and the dragon fought and [so did] his [followers--the bad, or rebellious] angels, And prevailed not [did not win]; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth [who fools] the whole world: he was cast [thrown] out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him."
Revelation 21:1 [the apostle John, referring to a vision he had concerning events that will occur in the future]: "And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea."