John 4:34-38 [This took place after Jesus met the Samaritan woman at the well and told her that he was the Messiah; then she went and spread the word to the men in her city, who were now on their way to see Jesus]: "Jesus saith unto them [his disciples], My meat [food] is to do the will of him that sent me [God the Father], and to finish his work [mainly, preach the gospel and save sinners]. Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest [i.e., the spiritual harvest is already ripe]. And he that reapeth [gathers the harvest] receiveth wages [rewards in heaven], and gathereth fruit unto life eternal [converted souls, or saved sinners, who have received eternal life]: that both he that soweth [the gospel seed] and he that reapeth [the harvest of saved souls] may rejoice together. And herein is that saying [proverb] true, One soweth, and another reapeth. I sent you [the apostles] to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour [for which you did not work]: other men [including the prophets, Jewish teachers, John the Baptist, and Jesus himself] laboured, and ye are entered into their labours [to finish the work that they began]."
1 Corinthians 1:17-18 [the apostle Paul, in a letter to the Corinthian church]: "For [Jesus] Christ sent me not to baptize [as my main objective], but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom of words [not through great speaking ability, but by the power of the Holy Spirit], lest the cross of Christ should be [so it won't be] made of none effect. For the preaching of the cross [i.e., that Jesus died on the cross to pay for our sins] is to them that perish [in hell] foolishness [stupid, ridiculous, unworthy of belief]; but unto us which are saved [born again] it is the power of God."
Jude 1:22-23 [referring to soul winning]: "And of some [people] have compassion [kindness and love], making a difference: And others save with fear [of hell], pulling them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the [sins of the] flesh."
John 8:1-11 - Woman Taken in Adultery (Casting Stones)
Verses 1-2: "Jesus went unto the mount of Olives. And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them."
Verses 3-5: "And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst [middle], They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act. Now Moses in the law [Leviticus 20:10] commanded us, that such should be stoned [actually, it said "put to death," not "stoned"]: but what sayest thou?"
Verses 6-8: "This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not. So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself [stood up], and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her. And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground."
Verse 9: "And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest [oldest], even unto the last [youngest]: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst."
Verse 10: "When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none [of the accusers] but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee?"
Verse 11: "She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more."
2 Samuel 23:2-3: "The spirit of the LORD [the Holy Spirit] spake [spoke] by me [King David], and his word was in my tongue [referring to his psalms]. The God of Israel [God the Father--Jehovah] said, the Rock of Israel [God the Son--Jesus] spake [said] to me, He that ruleth over men must be just [guided by truth, reason, justice, and fairness], ruling in the fear of God [with respect for and obedience to God]."
Matthew 18:21-22: "Then came Peter to him [Jesus], and said, Lord, how oft [often] shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven."
[Note: Albert Barnes has a good commentary on verse 22. If you want to read it, click on the link (http://www.godvine.com/bible/matthew/18-22) and scroll down to "Barnes' Notes."]
1 Samuel 15:23 [Samuel, an Old Testament prophet, said to King Saul]: "For rebellion is as [bad as] the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as [bad as] iniquity [sin] and idolatry [worshiping false gods]. Because thou hast rejected [refused to accept--or, in this case, obey] the word of the LORD [God's commands], he hath also rejected thee from being king [i.e., would eventually bring his reign to an end]."
1 Samuel 16:6-7: "And it came to pass, when they were come, that he [Samuel] looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD'S anointed [choice for king, to replace Saul, who was a very tall man*] is before him. But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance [facial expression], or on the height of his stature [how tall he is]; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart."
*1 Samuel 9:2: "And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people."
Matthew 19:13-15: "Then were there brought unto him [Jesus, probably by their parents, guardians, etc.] little children [babies and very young children], that he should put his hands on them, and pray: and the disciples rebuked them [told them it was improper]. But Jesus said, Suffer [allow] little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven. [In other words, heaven's inhabitants include little children, and older children and adults who come to Christ with humility and child-like faith.] And he laid his hands on them [blessed them], and departed thence [from there]."
Genesis 12:1-3: "Now the LORD had said unto Abram [Abraham], Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred [relatives], and from thy father's house, unto a land [Canaan] that I will shew thee [show you]: And I will make of thee a great nation [Israel], and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee [in Abraham's seed, or offspring, meaning Jesus Christ, the Messiah] shall all families of the earth be blessed."
Proverbs 16:18: "Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty [arrogant, conceited, stuck-up] spirit before a fall [calamity, disaster]."
2 Timothy 3:16: "All scripture [in both the Old and New Testaments] is given [was given to the prophets and apostles] by inspiration of God [the Holy Spirit], and is profitable [useful] for doctrine [Christian beliefs], for reproof [conviction of sin], for correction [of errors], for instruction in righteousness [what is right and good]:"
Romans 12:19-20 [the apostle Paul, writing to the saints (born-again Christians) in Rome]: "Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves [don't harm or punish someone who has hurt you or someone/something that you care about], but rather give [the proper] place unto wrath [anger]: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay ["pay him/her back"], saith the Lord. Therefore if thine [your] enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head [make him feel pain in his conscience, such as shame, remorse, etc., or (as suggested in Matthew Henry's commentary) 'melt him into repentance and friendship']. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good."
Proverbs 22:24-25: "Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man [one who is extremely angry or full of rage] thou shalt not go: Lest thou [so you won't] learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul [be drawn into sin]."
Matthew 26:51-52 [in the Garden of Gethsemane, when the mob (Roman soldiers and the servants and officers of the high priest) came to get Jesus]: "And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus [Peter] stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest's [Malchus], and smote [cut] off his ear. Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place [into the sheath]: for all they that take the sword shall perish with [die by] the sword."
Ephesians 6:11-17 - The Apostle Paul's Spiritual Advice to Christian Soldiers
Verse 11: "Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles [methods, tricks, schemes] of the devil."
Verses 12-13: "For we wrestle not against flesh and blood [people], but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places [our invisible enemies: all of the evil spirits in Satan's kingdom]. Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand [be victorious] in the evil day [the day of temptation], and having done all, to stand [your ground]."
Verse 14: "Stand therefore [resist every attack], having your loins girt about [referring to the "girdle," or sash or belt, that soldiers wore to keep every piece of armor in place and to hold their swords and other weapons] with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;"
Verse 15: "And your feet shod [covered as when you wear shoes or boots] with the preparation of the gospel of peace;"
Verse 16: "Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench [put out, extinguish] all the fiery darts [evil thoughts and temptation to sin] of the wicked [one--Satan]."
Verse 17: "And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the [Holy] Spirit, which is the word of God [the Bible]:"
[Note: Adam Clarke's commentary includes a description of the various parts of Greek armor. If you want to read it, click on the link (http://www.godvine.com/bible/ephesians/6-13) and scroll down to "Clarke's Commentary." Then start reading in paragraph 4.]
Mark 8:36: "For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?"
Luke 6:31: "And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise."
[Note: The above verse is also known as the Golden Rule: "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you."]
2 Chronicles 7:14 [The Lord said to King Solomon]: "If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land."
1 Kings 3:10-13: "And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing [for wisdom]. And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment [tell the difference between bad and good, right and wrong, etc.]; Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee. And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days."
Zechariah 7:9-12: "Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment [justice], and shew [show] mercy [forgiveness] and compassions [sympathy and concern for the misfortune and sufferings of others] every man to his brother: And oppress not [don't mistreat or persecute] the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil [thoughts or actions] against his brother in your heart. But they refused to hearken [listen], and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear. Yea [yes], they made their hearts as an adamant [impenetrable, extremely hard, unbreakable] stone [example: a diamond], lest they should [so they shouldn't] hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath [anger] from the LORD of hosts."
Romans 8:28: "And we know that all things [afflictions, trials, etc.] work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose [i.e., born-again Christians, or those who have accepted God's invitation to be saved] ."
1 Timothy 6:10: "For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some [professing Christians] coveted after [i.e., greatly desired to be rich], they have erred [departed] from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows."
John 2:18-22 [after Jesus drove the money changers out of the temple]: "Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things? [In other words, show us proof that you are authorized to cleanse the temple.] Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple [kill my body], and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up [rebuild it] in three days? But he spake [spoke] of the temple of his body. When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said."
John 3:16: "For God so loved the world [loved everyone in the world so much], that he gave his only begotten Son [Jesus, to die on the cross to pay for our sins], that whosoever believeth in him [as Savior] should not perish [be tormented forever, first in hell and then in the lake of fire], but have everlasting life [in heaven]."
1 John 3:15: "Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer [in his heart]: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding [dwelling, residing] in him."
John 19:17-18: "And he [Jesus] bearing [carrying] his cross [the transverse, or horizontal, beam--i.e., the smaller piece of wood, to which his hands would be nailed] went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: Where they [the Jews] crucified him, and two other [men] with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst [middle]."
[Note: The place where Jesus was crucified is called Golgotha in the books of Matthew, Mark, and John. Only Luke refers to it as Calvary. Also, this particular hill was called "the place of a skull" because it was in the shape of a skull and also because dead men's skulls and bones were thrown there and the heads of beheaded criminals were left there. In addition, Adam's bones were said to be buried there, and it was the mountain on which Abraham offered up his son, Isaac, as a sacrifice to God. See Matthew Henry's commentary for more information (go to http://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/matthew-henry-complete/john/19.html and scroll down to "Verses 16-18," then "v. 17").]
Romans 6:6 [the apostle Paul, to the saints (born-again Christians) in Rome]: "Knowing this, that our old man [our sinful and corrupt nature, viewed as a person] is crucified [put to death] with him [Jesus], that the body of sin might be destroyed [become inoperative and powerless], that henceforth [from now on] we should not serve sin [personified, as a master]."