Proverbs 26:11: "As a dog returneth to his vomit, so a fool returneth to [repeats] his folly [stupid or sinful behavior]."
[Note: Salem Bible Church has an excellent commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch26_html/Prov.26.11.htm.]
James 4:1-3: "From whence [where] come wars and fightings [heated arguments, disagreements, etc., leading to violence] among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members [i.e., don't they originate from lust*]? Ye lust, and have not [don't have]: ye kill, and desire to have [the possessions of others], and cannot obtain [them]: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not. Ye ask [God, in prayer], and receive not, because ye ask amiss [wrongly, inappropriately], that ye may consume it upon [waste it on, satisfy] your lusts [desires for worldly pleasure]."
*According to Albert Barnes' commentary on James 4:1 (www.godvine.com/bible/james/4-1): "The desire of booty, the love of conquest, the ambition for extended rule, the gratification of revenge, these and similar causes have led to all the wars that have desolated the earth."
Luke 10:25-37 - The Good Samaritan:
Verse 25: "And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him [Jesus], saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life [be saved]?"
Verses 26-28: "He said unto him, What is written in the law [of Moses]? how readest thou? And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and [love] thy neighbour as thyself. And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live."
Verse 29: "But he, willing to justify himself [make himself righteous before God and man], said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?"
Verse 30: "And Jesus answering said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves [got attacked by robbers], which stripped him of his raiment [clothing], and wounded him, and departed [went away], leaving him half dead."
Verses 31-35: "And by chance there came down a certain [Jewish] priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. And likewise a Levite [religious leader--assistant to the priests], when he was at the [same] place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side. But a certain Samaritan [note: Samaritans were hated by the Jews], as he journeyed [traveled], came where he [the injured man] was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on [sympathy for] him, And went to him, and bound up [bandaged] his wounds, pouring in oil and wine [used as medicine to heal the wounds], and set him on his own beast [of burden; e.g., mule or donkey], and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. And on the morrow [next day] when he departed [left], he took out two pence,[*] and gave them to the host [innkeeper], and said unto him, Take care of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more [any extra amount that you spend], when I come again, I will repay thee.
Verses 36-37: "Which now of these three [priest, Levite, Samaritan], thinkest thou [do you think], was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves? And he said, He that shewed [showed] mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise [do the same]."
*According to Wikipedia, pence is the same as denarius--a silver coin which was the usual day's wage for a laborer in Bible times.
Jeremiah 17:11: "As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not; so he that getteth riches, and not by right [i.e., dishonestly], shall leave them in the midst of his days [they shall be taken from him, or he will be taken from them (e.g., through death)], and at his end shall be a fool."
Matthew 7:24-27 [Jesus speaking]:
Verses 24-25: "Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine [what he said during his Sermon on the Mount--everything, not just the 'Blessed are …' part (see Matthew, Chapters 5-7)], and doeth them [does what I say], I will liken him unto [compare him to] a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: And the rain descended [came down], and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock."
Verses 26-27: "And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not [does not do what I say], shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it."
Romans 5:3-4: "And not only so [do we rejoice because we are cleansed from sin and have peace with God], but we [born-again Christians] glory [rejoice, take pleasure] in tribulations [troubles (bad times)] also: knowing that tribulation worketh [produces, brings about, results in] patience; And patience [produces], experience; and experience [produces], hope:"
Isaiah 40:31 [regarding our journey in life]: "But they that wait upon the LORD [for help and guidance] shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles [fly heavenward spiritually; i.e., get closer to God]; they shall run, and not be weary [tired, worn out]; and they shall walk, and not faint [from fatigue or exhaustion]."
Acts 8:12: "But when they [the people in a city of Samaria] believed Philip [a deacon/evangelist (not the apostle), who was] preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God [heaven; i.e., salvation by faith, not works], and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized [by immersion, in a large body of water], both men and women."
Psalm 34:18: "The LORD is nigh unto [near, willing to help] them that are of a broken heart [those who are overwhelmed by depression or grief, as when a romantic relationship ends or a loved one dies]; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit [those who humbly accept responsibility for their sins and are sincerely sorry for them]."
Matthew 22:23-30 - Marriage in the Resurrection:
Verses 23-24: "The same day came to him [Jesus] the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed [offspring, descendants] unto his brother."
Verses 25-28: "Now there were with us seven brethren [brothers]: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased [died], and, having no issue [children], left his wife unto his brother: Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh. And last of all the woman died also. Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her [as a wife]."
Verses 29-30: "Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err [you are mistaken], not knowing the scriptures [the books of the Old Testament], nor the power of God. For in the resurrection they [people] neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as [like] the angels of God in heaven [i.e., similar to them in the way that they act and live]."
Proverbs 23:20-21: "Be not among winebibbers [alcoholics, drunkards, people who drink to excess]; among riotous eaters of flesh [gluttons, people who eat too much]: For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty [will be poor]: and drowsiness [sleepiness, laziness] shall clothe [dress] a man with rags [because he won't have money to buy nice things]."
Note: As usual, Salem Bible Church has an excellent commentary on these verses. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch23_html/Prov.23.19.htm. As you can see, the commentary starts with verse 19.
John 3:17: "For God sent not [didn't send] his Son [Jesus] into the world to condemn [judge, punish] the [nations of the] world; but [so] that the world [the people in it] through him [because of his death on the cross to pay for our sins] might be saved [from hell]."
John 8:36: "If the Son [of God-Jesus] therefore shall make you free [from the bondage of sin; i.e., so you are no longer a slave to sin or able to be controlled by it], ye shall be free indeed [truly free]."
Psalm 37:4: "Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart."
Note: In his commentary on this verse (www.godvine.com/bible/psalms/37-4), Albert Barnes compares the relationship of a Christian and God to that of a child and his father. Here's what he says:
"The fact that a child loves his father, and finds his happiness in doing his will, will do much to regulate his own 'wishes' or 'desires,' and will at the same thee [sic--he probably meant time] be a reason why the father will be disposed to comply with [grant] his requests."
Colossians 3:20: "Children, obey your parents in all things [which are good and lawful]: for this is well pleasing unto the Lord."
Psalm 103:12: "As far as the east is from the west [in the entire universe, not only on earth], so far [i.e., as far as possible] hath he [God] removed our transgressions [sins, both intentional and unintentional] from us [born-again Christians]."
Hebrews 10:25: "Not forsaking the assembling [gathering] of ourselves together [in private or public worship], as the manner [habit, custom] of some is; but exhorting [encouraging] one another: and so much the more [doing it even more often], as ye see the day [i.e., the destruction of Jerusalem (in Bible times) and/or the second coming of Jesus (a future event)] approaching [drawing near, getting close, happening soon]."
Psalm 44:20-21 [referring not only to the Israelites but to people in general]: "If we have forgotten the name of our God [Almighty God--Jehovah; i.e., stopped worshiping him], or stretched out our hands [in prayer and/or adoration] to a strange god [i.e., committed idolatry]; Shall not God search this out [be aware of it]? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart."
2 Peter 2:4-8 -- A Warning About Wickedness and Rebellion:
Verse 4: "For if God spared not [had no mercy on] the angels that sinned [all of the angels who rebelled against him], but cast [threw] them down to hell [from heaven], and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved [restrained from freedom, or held captive] unto judgment [ i.e., the Great White Throne Judgment, which will take place in heaven someday];"
Verse 5: "And spared not the old world [the world before the flood], but saved Noah the eighth person [there were seven others besides himself], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;"
Verse 6: "And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes [by raining fire and brimstone down on them from heaven] condemned them with an overthrow [condemned and destroyed them], making them an ensample [example] unto those that after[wards] should live [in an] ungodly [manner];"
Verses 7-8: "And delivered just [righteous, morally upright] Lot, [who was] vexed [afflicted, oppressed, burdened] with the filthy conversation [lifestyle] of the wicked: (For that righteous man dwelling [living] among them [the people of Sodom and Gomorrah], in seeing and hearing [the horrible things that they did and said], vexed [tormented] his righteous soul from day to day [constantly] with their unlawful deeds;)"
Proverbs 13:19: "The [good, godly] desire [when] accomplished is sweet [pleasant, satisfying] to the soul: but it is abomination [disgusting, repulsive, a hateful thought] to fools to depart from evil [stop doing bad things]."
[Note: Salem Bible Church has an excellent commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch13_html/Prov.13.19.htm.]
Philippians 3:14 [the apostle Paul, in a letter to the church at Philippi, comparing himself to a runner in the Olympic games]: "I press [run] toward the mark [the 'finish line,' or end of the Christian race] for the prize [an incorruptible (everlasting) crown, or reward in heaven] of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus [i.e., because God has called me, through the gospel of Jesus Christ, to run that race]."
Proverbs 28:1: "The wicked [bad people with guilty consciences] flee [run away] when no man pursueth [chases or follows them, intending to capture them, kill them, etc.]: but the righteous are [as] bold [brave, fearless, courageous] as a lion."
Psalm 119:165 [a prayer to God]: "Great peace [calmness of mind] have they which love thy law [those who love and obey God's word, as recorded in the Bible]: and nothing shall offend them [cause them to stumble or fall--into sin]."
Verses 24-25: "When the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there [at the seaside], neither [were] his disciples, they also took shipping [got into boats], and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus. And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi [teacher, master], when camest thou hither [when did you come here]?"
Verses 26-27: "Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily [truly, truly], I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles [of the loaves], but because ye did eat of the loaves [of bread], and [your stomachs] were filled. Labour not [don't work only] for the meat [food] which perisheth [spoils, rots, decays], but [also work] for that meat [spiritual food] which endureth unto [leads to] everlasting life, which the Son of man [Jesus] shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed [put his 'stamp of approval' on; i.e., confirmed that he sent him and approved of his teachings]."
Verses 28-29: "Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God [i.e., what shall we do that will be acceptable to God]? Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God [the Father], that ye believe on him whom he hath sent [his Son, Jesus]."
[Verse 29: In other words, in order to please God, we must do the following: (1) have faith that Jesus Christ, his Son (the Messiah), came to earth to die for our sins, and (2) 'believe on him' (trust in Jesus) for eternal life.]
Hebrews 4:15-16: "For we have not an high priest [Jesus Christ] which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities [physical and mental weaknesses]; but was in all points [things] tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace [to God's throne in heaven, through prayer], that we may obtain mercy [pardon for our sins], and find grace to help [us] in time of need."
[Note: Adam Clarke and Albert Barnes have excellent commentaries on verse 16. If you want to read one or both of them, click on the link (www.godvine.com/bible/hebrews/4-16) and scroll down to "Clarke's Commentary" and/or "Barnes' Notes."]
Habakkuk 2:15: "Woe [great sorrow or distress] unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to him, and makest him drunken also, that thou mayest look [with devilish pleasure] on their nakedness!"
Matthew 5:17-18 [Jesus, speaking to his disciples during the sermon on the mount]: "Think not [don't think] that I am come to destroy [do away with, or destroy the authority of] the law, or the prophets [the books written by Moses and the prophets; i.e., the Old Testament]: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil [bring it to completion]. For verily [truly] I say unto you, Till [until] heaven and earth pass [away], one jot [the smallest Hebrew letter] or one tittle [a point of a letter of the Hebrew alphabet] shall in no wise [by no means] pass from the law, till all be fulfilled."
Definitions of jot and tittle, according to "Barnes' Notes on Matthew 5:18," which can be found online:
"One jot - The word 'jot,' or yod (י y), is the name of the Hebrew letter I, the smallest letter in the Hebrew alphabet.
"One tittle - The word used here, in the Greek, means literally a little horn, then a point, an extremity. Several of the Hebrew letters were written with small points or apices, as in the Hebrew letter, shin (*), or the Hebrew letter, sin (*), which serve to distinguish one letter from another. To change a small point of one letter, therefore, might vary the meaning of a word, and destroy the sense. The name 'little horn' was given to these points probably from the manner in which they were written, resembling a little horn. …"
[*Note: You can see the difference in the Hebrew letters shin and sin by clicking on this link: www.akhlah.com/hebrew/aleph-bet/shin/.]
In addition to the above explanation of jot and tittle, Albert Barnes' commentary has an explanation of the three types of law (moral, ceremonial, and judicial). To read it, click on the following link and scroll down to "Barnes' Notes": www.godvine.com/bible/matthew/5-18.
Proverbs 3:13-16: "Happy [blessed] is the man that findeth wisdom [by reading and studying the Bible], and the man that getteth understanding. For the merchandise of it is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof [is better] than fine gold. She [God's wisdom, personified] is more precious than rubies: and all the things thou canst desire are not to be compared unto her. Length of days [long life] is in her right hand; and in her left hand [are] riches and honour."
Proverbs 23:24: "The father of the righteous [of honest, hard-working, kind-hearted, well-behaved children] shall greatly rejoice: and he that begetteth [the man who produces, or 'fathers'] a wise child shall have joy of him."
Psalm 150:1-6: "Praise ye the LORD. Praise God in his sanctuary [wherever we worship him--temples, churches, etc.]: praise him in the firmament of his power [both on earth and in heaven]. Praise him for his mighty acts [what he has done]: praise him according to his excellent greatness. Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery [an ancient stringed musical instrument, similar to a violin or guitar] and harp. Praise him with the timbrel [tambourine] and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs. Praise him upon the loud cymbals: praise him upon the high sounding cymbals. Let every thing that hath breath praise the LORD. Praise ye the LORD."