"Verse of the Day" Bible Verses - October 2019
1 Chronicles 10:13-14 - God Hates Disobedience and Witchcraft
Verse 13: "So [King] Saul died for his transgression [sin] which he committed against the LORD [i.e., disobedience--see note below*], even against the word [command] of the LORD, which he kept not [did not obey], and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit [a supernatural spirit or demon who acts as that person's servant (in this case, the 'one that had a familiar spirit' was the witch of Endor, who brought the prophet Samuel back from the dead)--see note below**], to inquire of [seek information from] it [the evil spirit];"
Verse 14: "And [Saul] inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him [God killed Saul], and turned the kingdom unto [over to] David the son of Jesse."
*The sin this is referring to is probably Saul's refusal to obey God's instructions to kill everything (people and animals) and to destroy everything (both good and bad) in the city of Amalek:
-- 1 Samuel 15:3-9: "Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. … And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites. … And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly."
**For more information on familiar spirits and the witch of Endor, read these articles:
-- "What are familiar spirits?" (https://www.gotquestions.org/familiar-spirits.html)
-- "Did the witch of Endor really summon Samuel from the dead (1 Samuel 28:7-20)?" (https://www.gotquestions.org/witch-of-endor.html)
Matthew 5:23-24 - Reconciliation Before Worship
Speaking to his disciples during the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said:
Verse 23: "Therefore if thou [you] bring thy [your] gift [meaning 'sacrifice' (during Bible times) or 'offering'] to the altar [in the temple, synagogue, church, or other place of worship], and [while] there [you] rememberest [remember or recall] that thy brother [or sister--someone (male or female), especially a fellow worshiper] hath ought [has something] against thee [you] [i.e., has been offended or hurt by you in any way];"
Verse 24: "Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to [apologize to or make up with] thy brother [or 'sister'], and then come and offer thy gift [to God] [see note below*]."
*Albert Barnes has an excellent explanation for verse 24 in his commentary on Matthew 5:
"First be reconciled - This means to settle the difficulty; to make proper acknowledgment or satisfaction for the injury. If you have wronged him, make restitution. If you owe him a debt which ought to be paid, pay it. If you have injured his character, confess it and seek pardon. If he is under an erroneous impression, if your conduct has been such as to lead him to suspect that you have injured him, make an explanation. Do all in your power; and all you ought to do, to have the matter settled. From this we learn:
"1. That, in order to worship God acceptably, we must do justice to our fellow-men.
"2. Our worship will not be acceptable unless we do all we can to live peaceably with others.
"3. It is our duty to seek reconciliation with others when we have injured them.
"4. This should be done before we attempt to worship God.
"5. This is often the reason why God does not accept our offerings, and we go empty away from our devotions. We do not do what we ought to others; we cherish improper feelings or refuse to make proper acknowledgments, and God will not accept such attempts to worship him."
(Source for Barnes quote: www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/matthew-5.html, "Verse 23-24")
Regarding reconciliation, Charles Spurgeon (another Bible commentator) wrote:
"… Only when we have remembered our wrong doing, and made reconciliation can we hope for acceptance with the Lord. The rule is-first peace with man, and then acceptance with God …"
(Source for Spurgeon quote: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/spe/matthew-5.html, "Verses 1-30," "Matthew 5:23-24")
Job 1:6-22 - God Tests Job's Faithfulness by Allowing Satan to Attack His Family and Possessions
Verses 6-7: "Now there was a day when the sons of God [the angels] came [to the throne room of God in heaven] to present themselves before the LORD [and to report on their activities], and Satan came also among them. And the LORD [God] said unto Satan, Whence comest thou [where did you come from]? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro [back and forth] in the earth, and from walking up and down in it."
Verse 8: "And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered [carefully observed] my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect [person, or a godly and morally excellent person] and an upright [honest] man, one that feareth [respects and obeys] God, and escheweth [shuns, avoids] evil?"
Verses 9-11: "Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth [does] Job fear God for nought [for nothing]? Hast not thou made an hedge [haven't you placed a barrier of protection] about [around] him, and about his house [around his family], and about all that he hath on every side [around everything else that he has]? thou hast blessed the work of his hands [you (God) have helped Job become successful], and his substance [consisting of his money and possessions] is increased in the land. But put forth thine [stretch out your] hand now, and touch [smite, strike] all that he [Job] hath [has], and he will curse thee [you] to thy [your] face." [Satan wants to prove that Job is a hypocrite and doesn't really love God.]
Verse 12: "And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he [Job] hath is in thy power [under your control]; only upon himself put not forth thine hand [just don't touch him]. So Satan went forth [went away] from the presence of the LORD [in order to carry out his plan]."
Verses 13-15: "And there was a day when his [Job's] sons and his daughters were eating and drinking wine [at a banquet] in their eldest [oldest] brother's house: And there came a messenger [one of Job's servants] unto Job, and said, The [1,000] oxen were plowing, and the  asses [the she-asses, or donkeys] [were] feeding beside them: And the Sabeans fell upon [attacked] them, and took them away; yea [yes], they have [also] slain [killed] the servants [of Job] with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone [and I alone have escaped, or only I have escaped] to tell thee [you] [what happened]."
Verse 16: "While he [the first messenger/servant] was yet [still] speaking, there came also another [messenger/servant], and said, The fire of God [probably lightning] is fallen from heaven [from the sky], and hath burned up the [7,000] sheep, and the servants, and consumed [destroyed] them; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee."
Verse 17: "While he [the second messenger/servant] was yet speaking, there came also another [messenger/servant], and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands [divided themselves into three groups], and fell upon the [3,000] camels, and have carried them away, yea, and [have] slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee."
Verses 18-19: "While he [the third messenger/servant] was yet speaking, there came also another [messenger/servant], and said [to Job], Thy [your] [seven] sons and thy [three] daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house: And, behold, there came a great wind [a whirlwind, or tornado] from the wilderness [across the desert], and smote [struck] the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men [and women], and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee."
Verses 20-21: "Then Job arose [stood up], and rent his mantle [ripped his clothes], and shaved his head, and fell down [lay down, stretched out, face down] upon the ground, and worshipped [God], And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb [at birth, meaning he came into the world with nothing (no possessions)], and naked shall I return thither [at death, meaning he would go to the grave with nothing]: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD."
Verse 22: "In all [of] this [trouble,] Job sinned not [did not sin], nor charged [he, or 'nor did he blame'] God foolishly."
In his commentary, Albert Barnes wrote:
"… From this instructive narrative of the manner in which Job received afflictions, we may learn
"(1) That true piety will bear the removal of property and friends without murmuring. Religion is not based on such things, and their removal cannot shake it. It is founded deeper in the soul, and mere external changes cannot destroy it.
"(2) When we are afflicted, we should not vent our wrath on winds and waves; on the fraud and perfidy of our fellow-men; on embarrassments and changes in the commercial world; on the pestilence and the storm. Any or all of these may be employed as instruments in taking away our property or our friends, but we should trace the calamity ultimately to God. Storms and winds and waves, malignant spirits and our fellow-men, do no more than God permits. They are all restrained and kept within proper limits. They are not directed by chance, but they are under the control of an intelligent Being, and are the wise appointment of a holy God.
"(3) God has a right to remove our comforts. He gave them - not to be our permanent inheritance, but to be withdrawn when he pleases. It is a proof of goodness that we have been permitted to tread his earth so long - though we should be allowed to walk it no more; to breathe his air so long - though we should be permitted to inhale it no more; to look upon his sun and moon and stars so long - though we should be permitted to walk by their light no more; to enjoy the society of the friends whom he has given us so long - though we should enjoy that society no longer. A temporary gift may be removed at the pleasure of the giver, and we hold all our comforts at the mere good pleasure of God.
"(4) We see the nature of true resignation. It is not because we can always see the 'reason' why we are afflicted; it consists in bowing to the will of a holy and intelligent God, and in the feeling that he has a 'right' to remove what he has given us. It is his; and may be taken away when he pleases. It may be, and should be yielded, without a complaint - and to do this 'because' God wills it, is true resignation.
"(5) We see the true source of 'comfort' in trials. It is not in the belief that things are regulated by chance and hap-hazard; or even that they are controlled by physical laws. We may have the clearest philosophical view of the mode in which tempests sweep away property, or the pestilence our friends; we may understand the laws by which all this is done, but this affords no consolation. It is only when we perceive an 'intelligent Being' presiding over these events, and see that they are the result of plan and intention on his part, that we can find comfort in trial. What satisfaction is it for me to understand the law by which fire burns when my property is swept away; or to know 'how' disease acts on the human frame when my child dies; or how the plague produces its effects on the body when friend after friend is laid in the grave? This is 'philosophy;' and this is the consolation which this world furnishes. I want some higher consolation than that which results from the knowledge of unconscious laws. I want to have the assurance that it is the result of intelligent design, and that this design is connected with a benevolent end - and that I find only in religion.
"(6) We see the 'power' of religion in sustaining in the time of trial. How calm and submissive was this holy man! How peaceful and resigned! Nothing else but piety could have done this. Philosophy blunts the feelings, paralyses the sensibilities, and chills the soul; but it does not give consolation. It is only confidence in God; a feeling that he is right; and a profound and holy acquiescence in his will, that can produce support in trials like these. This we may have as well so Job; and this is indispensable in a world so full of calamity and sorrow as this is."
(Source: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-1.html, "Verse 22")
Proverbs 24:8-9 - Thinking About and Doing Bad Things (Note: Both are sin in God's eyes)
Verse 8: "He [or she] that deviseth [makes plans] to do evil [things, such as hurting others in any way (physically, mentally, spiritually, or emotionally) due to anger, jealousy, revenge, etc.--or just for fun] shall be called a mischievous person [a schemer, troublemaker, terrorist]."
Verse 9: "The thought of foolishness [thinking about doing something bad or stupid (even if your thoughts are not followed by action) and/or participating in the planning stages of someone else's evil deeds] is sin: and the scorner [anyone who hates and/or mocks (makes fun of) others] is an abomination [a detestable (hateful) thing] to men [and women and children--and also to God]."
According to Pastor Delany of Salem Bible Church, the above verses refer to troublemakers, and in those verses "… Solomon is warning us so that we will stay away from such people--and especially that we would not be drawn in to their evil schemes."
Pastor Delany's commentaries on these verses include many examples to back up his statements. Here is a sample from the commentary on verse 9:
"3. Thus, this term ['thought of foolishness'] adds a new point to what was said in verse eight.
"a. Verse 8 spoke of the man who was 'devising evil.'
"• This man was planning and plotting evil with the intentions of carrying out those plans.
"• We noted last time that this term was used in Gen. 50:20 when Joseph's brothers plotted evil against him. They devised to DO evil and actually carried out their plan.
"b. Verse 9 is very similar in meaning, but note that it does NOT include the words 'to do.'
"• The distinction is not so much grammatical as it is conceptual.
"• In verse 8, the 'lord of mischief' is planning an evil scheme so that he might carry it out.
"• In verse 9, there is no mention of carrying it out. It is the thought stage ONLY.
"• Solomon's point seems to be that even the thought stage is SIN.
"• Take radical Islam for example. From among that ideology, some become suicide bombers.
"» But there are many others who may cheer them and agree with them, but who do not actually blow up themselves and others.
"» Perhaps some would like to, but do not carry out their plans for other reasons: family, fear, cowardice, would do so if their family could be left enough money but cannot find a sponsor.
"» This proverb states that even THINKING such thoughts is sin regardless of whether they are carried out or not.
"• Consider another example of the man who really wants to steal his co-workers new iPhone.
"» He has been watching where he leaves it at lunch every day.
"» He has thought through an elaborate scheme on exactly how to do it.
"» However, he doesn't do it-because he is afraid if he gets caught, he loses his job… or loses his reputation…
"» Solomon's point is that even the planning stage is sinful.
"» To God, sin is sin.
"» We know of no mortal or venial sins as Christians. All sin separates us from fellowship with a holy God.
"» Thus, to the Lord, the thought stage is sin just like the actual carrying out of the evil thoughts."
If you want to read one or both of Pastor Delany's commentaries, here's are the links:
-- Verse 8: https://www.salembible.org/proverbs-24-index/proverbs-24_8/
-- Verse 9: https://www.salembible.org/proverbs-24-index/proverbs-24_9/
Proverbs 23:22 [King Solomon's advice to children, including (and especially) young adults]: "Hearken unto [listen to and obey] thy father that begat thee [the man who helped to conceive (produce, give life to) you; i.e., your biological father], and despise not thy mother [don't disrespect your mother or treat her advice as unimportant] when she is old."
In the Salem Bible Church commentaries on Proverbs 23, the following verses (22 and 23) are combined:
-- Verse 22: "Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old."
-- Verse 23: "Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding."
According to Pastor Jim Delany: "The point here [in these verses] is that aging parents still have valuable advice and counsel to give."
If you want to read the commentary, here's the link:
Luke 14:31-33 - Counting the Cost of Christian Discipleship
Speaking to the multitudes (many people) who were with him, Jesus said:
Verses 31-32: "Or what king [or leader], going [intending, planning] to make war against another king [or leader], sitteth not down first, and consulteth [considers, asks his advisors] whether he [will] be able with ten thousand [soldiers, etc.] to meet [successfully fight with, gain victory over] him that cometh against him with twenty thousand [soldiers, etc.]? Or else [if he thinks they will be defeated], while the other [king (or leader) and accompanying army or group of fighters] is yet a great way off, he [the first king (or leader)] sendeth an ambassage [dispatches (sends off) an ambassador, diplomat, envoy], and desireth conditions of peace."
Verse 33: "So likewise, whosoever he [or she] be of you that forsaketh not [is not willing to give up] all [of the things] that he [or she] hath [has or loves] [in order to follow me (Jesus)], he [or she] cannot be my disciple [see explanation below*]."
Although the highlighted phrases about peace and war in verses 31-32 above are true, according to most of the commentaries that I read, those verses are actually a parable about Christian discipleship (i.e., following Jesus, or becoming his disciple), and they liken the Christian life to a war against Satan and his followers.
Note: Christian discipleship is discussed in the GotQuestions.org article entitled "What is Christian discipleship?" If you want to read it, here's the link: https://www.gotquestions.org/Christian-discipleship.html.
*Albert Barnes, John Gill, and Charles Spurgeon have good explanations of this parable.
-- In his commentary on verse 32, Mr. Barnes says:
"An ambassage - Persons to treat with an enemy and propose terms of peace. These expressions are not to be improperly pressed in order to obtain from them a spiritual signification. The general scope of the parable is to be learned from the connection, and may be thus expressed:
"1. Every man who becomes a follower of Jesus should calmly and deliberately look at all the consequences of such an act and be prepared to meet them.
"2. Men in other things act with prudence and forethought. They do not begin to build without a reasonable prospect of being able to finish. They do not go to war when there is every prospect that they will be defeated.
"3. Religion is a work of soberness, of thought, of calm and fixed purpose, and no man can properly enter on it who does not resolve by the grace of God to fulfil all its requirements and make it the business of his life.
"4. We are to expect difficulties in religion. It will cost us the mortification of our sins, and a life of self-denial, and a conflict with our lusts, and the enmity [hatred] and ridicule of the world. Perhaps it may cost us our reputation, or possibly our lives and liberties, and all that is dear to us; but we must cheerfully undertake all this, and be prepared for it all.
"5. If we do not deliberately resolve to leave all things, to suffer all things that may be laid on us, and to persevere to the end of our days in the service of Christ, we cannot be his disciples. No man can be a Christian who, when he makes a profession, is resolved after a while to turn back to the world; nor can he be a true Christian if he 'expects that he will' turn back. If he comes not with a 'full' purpose 'always' to be a Christian; if he means not to persevere, by the grace of God, through all hazards, and trials, and temptations; if he is not willing to bear his cross, and meet contempt, and poverty, and pain, and death, without turning back, he 'cannot' be a disciple of the Lord Jesus."
(Source for Barnes quote: https://www.studylight.org/commentary/luke/14-32.html, "Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible")
-- This is what John Gill said about the meaning of verse 32:
"and desireth conditions of peace; greatly to his disadvantage and reproach: so to give out, and leave off fighting with sin, Satan, and the world, and make peace with them, is shameful and scandalous; but on the other hand, such who have engaged in this war, should pursue it with rigour and courage; considering that God is on their side; that Christ is the captain of their salvation; that the Spirit of God that is in them, is greater than he that is in the world; that angels encamp around them; that it is a good cause they are engaged in; that they have good weapons, the whole armour of God provided for them; are sure of victory, and shall at last enjoy the crown of life, righteousness and glory."
(Source for John Gill's quote: https://www.studylight.org/commentary/luke/14-32.html, "John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible")
-- And here's the meaning of verse 33, according to Charles Spurgeon:
"In Christ's days, and afterwards, discipleship usually involved the absolute giving up of everything that his followers had, for those were times of persecution; and if such seasons should come to us, we must have such love to Christ that, for his sake, we could forsake all that we have; otherwise we cannot be his disciples."
(Source: www.studylight.org/commentaries/spe/luke-14.html, "Verses 25-35," "Luke 14:33")
Luke 2:41-52 - Discovering that young Jesus is missing, his frantic parents retrace their steps and find him in the temple at Jerusalem
Verses 41-42: "Now his parents [Jesus' earthly parents, Mary and Joseph] went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover [a time of celebration to commemorate (remember) the Jewish Passover]. And when he [Jesus] was twelve years old, they [Jesus and his parents] went up to Jerusalem after [according to] the custom of the feast."
Verses 43-45: "And when they had fulfilled the days [of the Passover; or after they had been at the feast for seven or eight days], as they returned [home], the child Jesus tarried [remained] behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his [Jesus'] mother [Mary] knew not of it [did not know about it]. But they, supposing him [Jesus] to have been in the company [of others, or assuming that he was somewhere in the large group of travelers], went a day's journey; and they [Joseph and Mary] sought [looked for] him [Jesus] among their kinsfolk [relatives] and acquaintance [neighbors and friends]. And when they found him not [did not find him], they turned back again [returned] to Jerusalem, seeking [searching for] him."
Verses 46-47: "And it came to pass, that after three days they [Joseph and Mary] found him [Jesus] in the ['court' of the] temple, sitting in the midst of [in the middle of, or among] the doctors [religious teachers, rabbis], both hearing [listening to] them, and asking them questions. And all that [all who] heard him [Jesus] were astonished at his understanding [of the law and the scriptures] and [his] answers [to the doctors' questions]."
Verses 48-49: "And when they [Joseph and Mary] saw him [Jesus], they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us [why have you frightened us and caused us to worry]? behold, thy [human] father [Joseph] and I have sought thee sorrowing [have searched for you with great sadness, anxiety, and concern]. And he [Jesus] said unto them [his parents], How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not [did you not know] that I must be about my Father's [God's] business? [Jesus had an overwhelming desire to please his heavenly Father (and he did that by always obeying and serving him) because he loved his Father more than anything or anyone else in the world.] And they [Joseph and Mary] understood not the saying which he spake [spoke] unto them."
Verses 50-51: "And he [Jesus] went down [from Jerusalem] with them [Joseph and Mary], and came to Nazareth [where they lived], and was subject unto [was respectful and obedient to] them [and became a carpenter, like his earthly father, Joseph]: but his mother [Mary] kept all these sayings in her heart [or mind, which means that she remembered them].
Verse 52: "And [as he grew up on earth,] Jesus increased in wisdom and stature [height, maturity], and in favour with God and man [people] [see note below*]."
*According to the Bible, Jesus has two natures (human and divine), which means that he is fully God and fully man. This is explained in an article by Matt Perman entitled "How Can Jesus Be God and Man?" If you want to read it, here's the link: https://www.desiringgod.org/articles/how-can-jesus-be-god-and-man#modal-417-nr93t94s.
Concerning verse 52 above, which refers to Jesus' human nature, James Burton Coffman wrote:
"The fourfold development of Christ: mentally, physically, socially, and spiritually is here affirmed, exactly the type of growth and development that is inherent in the very fact of the incarnation. He [God the Son] who 'emptied himself' and became a man found it needful to pass through the helplessness of infancy, the ignorance of babyhood, and the incompetence of adolescence just like all men. The true humanity of our Lord is thus brilliantly presented by Luke, no less than his true deity. That this is the greatest mystery of all ages is a fact; but that has not prevented the full acceptance of it by the faithful of all ages."
(Source: https://www.studylight.org/commentary/luke/2-52.html, "Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible")
Genesis 2:15: "And the LORD God took the man [that he had created, referring to Adam], and put him into the garden of Eden to dress [cultivate, care for] it and to keep [watch over] it [i.e., to guard it (protect it from harm, prevent it from being destroyed by wild animals, etc.)].
Leviticus 19:29 [These were God's instructions, delivered by Moses, to the children of Israel (the descendants of Jacob)]: "Do not prostitute thy daughter [do not allow your daughter to have sex in public during religious worship, as some nations do--see note below*], to cause her to be a whore; lest [or else] the land [or country] [will] fall to whoredom [be overcome by prostitution, both physical (as in fornication) and spiritual (meaning idolatry)], and the land [will] become full of wickedness."
Wickedness spreads like wildfire and is caused by many things. In this case, God warns his people to avoid the sins of fornication and idolatry.
*According to John Gill's commentary, the phrase Do not prostitute thy daughter "… refers to a wicked practice among the Phoenicians or Canaanites … whose women used to prostitute themselves in the temples of their idols …" (Source: https://www.studylight.org/commentary/leviticus/19-29.html, "John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible")
Matthew 4:1-11 - Temptation of Jesus:
Verse 1: "Then [immediately after his baptism] was Jesus led up of [by] the [Holy] Spirit into the wilderness [or desert, referring to an uninhabited region in Judea] to be tempted of [by] the devil [who was trying to get him to sin]."
Verses 2-3 [Satan tries to get Jesus to sin]: "And when he [Jesus] had fasted [gone without food] [for] forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred [hungry]. And when the tempter [the devil, or Satan] came to him [Jesus], he said, If thou be [if you are] the Son of God, command that these stones be made [into] bread."
Verse 4 [Jesus replies to Satan]: "But he [Jesus] answered and said, It is written [in Deuteronomy 8:3--see note below*], Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth [comes] out of the mouth of God."
Verses 5-6 [Satan tempts Jesus a second time]: "Then the devil taketh him [Jesus] up into [or brought, led, or accompanied him to] the holy city [Jerusalem], and setteth [set] him on a pinnacle [or spire--the highest point] of the temple, And saith unto him [Jesus], If thou be [if you are] the Son of God, cast thyself down [throw yourself down, or jump]: for it is written [in Psalm 91:11-12--see note below*], He [God] shall give his angels charge concerning thee [meaning 'God's angels will protect you']: and in their hands they shall bear thee [hold you] up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone ['so you won't hit your foot on the stones (or be injured) if you fall']."
Verse 7 [Jesus replies to Satan]: "Jesus said unto him [Satan], It is written again [in Deuteronomy 6:16--see note below*], Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God [in this case, meaning that Jesus must not tempt his Father (God) to protect him from the consequences of foolish actions]."
Verses 8-9 [Satan tempts Jesus a third time]: "Again, the devil taketh [took] him [Jesus] up into an exceeding [extremely] high mountain, and sheweth [showed] him all [of] the kingdoms of the world [in this case, probably meaning the kingdoms of Palestine, or the land of Canaan, and other kingdoms nearby], and the glory [splendor, magnificence, beauty] of them [referring to everything in those kingdoms]; And [Satan] saith [said] unto him [Jesus], All [of] these things [kingdoms] will I give thee, if thou wilt [if you will] fall down and worship me."
Verse 10 [Jesus replies to Satan]: "Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence [go away], Satan: for it is written [in Deuteronomy 6:13--see note below*], Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve."
Jesus is victorious!
Verse 11: "Then the devil leaveth [left, went away from] him [Jesus] [for a time], and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him [waited on him, attended to his needs]."
As we can learn from the above verses:
1. Satan is very familiar with God's word, but he's also a master deceiver. By subtly omitting parts of, misquoting, or misapplying scripture, he is able to use it to his advantage.
2. Temptation does not result in sin unless and until we yield to it.
3. The best way to resist Satan and overcome temptation is by memorizing, believing, and obeying God's word--and using it like a sword (because the Bible is called the "sword of the Spirit" in Ephesians 6:17--see note below*).
In his commentary on the temptation of Jesus, Albert Barnes wrote:
"… From this narrative we may learn:
"(a) That no one is so holy as to be free from temptation, for even the Son of God was sorely tempted.
"(b) That when God permits a temptation or trial to come upon us, he will, if we look to him, give us grace to resist and overcome it, 1 Corinthians 10:13.
"(c) We see the art of the tempter. His temptations are adapted to times and circumstances. They are plausible [believable]. What could have been mere plausible than his suggestions to Christ? They were applicable to his circumstances. They had the appearance of much piety. They were backed by passages of Scripture misapplied, but still most artfully presented. Satan never comes boldly and tempts people to sin, telling them that they are committing sin. Such a mode would defeat his design. It would put people on their guard. He commences, therefore, artfully and plausibly, and the real purpose does not appear until he has prepared the mind for it. This is the way with all temptation. No wicked person would at once tempt another to be profane, to be drunk, to be an infidel, or to commit adultery. The principles are first corrupted. The confidence is secured. The affections are won. And then the allurement is little by little presented, until the victim falls. How everyone should be on his guard at the very first appearance of evil, at the first suggestion that may possibly lead to sin!
"(d) One of the best ways of meeting temptation is by applying Scripture. So our Saviour did, and they will always best succeed who best wield the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, Ephesians 6:17."
(Source for Barnes quote: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/matthew-4.html, "Verse 11")
Good advice from Charles Spurgeon:
"I know some people, who earn their living in employments which are very hazardous to their immortal souls. They are in the midst of evil, yet they tell me that God can keep them in safety there. I know that he can, but I also know that we have no right to go, voluntarily, where we are surrounded by temptation. If your calling is the wrong one, and you are continually tempted in it, you may not presume upon the goodness of God to keep you, for it is your business to get as far as you can from that which will lead you into sin …"
(Source for Spurgeon quote: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/spe/matthew-4.html, "Verses 1-11," "Matthew 4:7")
*Here are the Bible verses referred to above:
-- Deuteronomy 8:3: "And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live."
-- Psalm 91:11-12: "For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone."
-- Deuteronomy 6:16: "Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, as ye tempted him in Massah."
-- Deuteronomy 6:13: "Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name."
-- Ephesians 6:17: "And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:"
Matthew 12:34-37 - Judgment Day
To the Pharisees (part of the ruling class of Israel), who had condemned him because he healed people on sabbath days and who accused him of casting out devils by Beelzebub (the prince of devils) rather than by the Holy Spirit of God, Jesus said:
Verses 34-35: "O generation of vipers [Jesus was comparing the Pharisees to extremely venomous (poisonous) snakes], how can ye [you], being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance [fullness] of the heart the mouth speaketh. A good man [person] out of the good treasure [storehouse] of the heart bringeth forth good things [out of his (or her) mouth]: and an evil man [person] out of the evil treasure [of the heart] bringeth forth evil things [out of his (or her) mouth]."
Verse 36: "But I say unto you [Pharisees--and everyone else in the world], That every idle word that men shall speak [everything that people say during their lives, meaningful or not], they shall give account thereof [they shall explain to God in heaven] in the day of judgment."
Verse 37: "For by thy [your] words thou shalt [you shall] be justified [considered righteous in God's sight--by asking Jesus to come into your heart and save you so you can go to heaven when you die], and by thy words thou shalt be condemned [pronounced guilty by God] [and sent to hell]."
At the moment of salvation, born-again Christians are cleansed from sin by Jesus' blood and are clothed with (or are covered by, receive, are given, share in) his righteousness. As a result, we will be judged by Jesus' righteousness rather than our own on judgment day. The Bible says:
-- 2 Corinthians 5:21: "For he [God] hath made him [Jesus] to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him."
-- This verse is explained in detail in the following article: "Why does Christ's righteousness need to be imputed to us?" Here's the link: https://www.gotquestions.org/imputed-righteousness.html.
On the other hand, unbelievers (people who reject God's gift of eternal life) are counting on their own righteousness (good works, good deeds) to save them from hell. Unfortunately, that won't work because, according to the Bible:
-- Isaiah 64:6: "But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags [in God's sight]; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away."
1 John 2:15-17 - Whom Do You Love More--The "World" or God?
Verse 15: "Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world [i.e., worldly pleasures]. If any man [or woman or child] love the world, the love of the Father [referring to God] is not in him [or her, which means that he (or she) may not be a true Christian]."
Verse 16: "For all [of the evil] that is in the world, the lust of the flesh [sins of the flesh (body); i.e., fornication, gluttony, drunkenness, etc.], and the lust of the eyes [wanting to be rich and have luxurious possessions, being addicted to pornography, etc.], and the pride of life [seeking power, honor, fame, etc.], is not of the Father [does not come from God], but is of the world [comes from Satan, who is the god of this world]."
Verse 17: "And the world [the things in the world] passeth away, and [so does] the lust [strong desires, cravings] thereof: but he [or she] that doeth the will of God [i.e., the person who is born again and obeys God's word] abideth [remains, continues] for ever [in the love of God … having fellowship with God and resulting in peace, joy, and blessings, both on earth and in heaven--see note below*]."
We can admire the beauty of nature and enjoy the other things that God has created, but we should not covet or worship any of them.
*Regarding verse 17, Albert Barnes wrote: "But he that doeth the will of God abideth forever - This cannot mean that he will never die; but it means that he has built his happiness on a basis which is secure, and which can never pass away …" (Source: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-john-2.html, "Verse 17")
Luke 10:25-37 - Parable of the Good Samaritan
Verse 25: "And, behold, a certain lawyer [one of the scribes] stood up, and tempted [tried to prove] him [Jesus], saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit [receive] eternal life [in heaven, or 'what shall I do to be saved']?"
Verses 26-28: "He [Jesus] said unto him [the lawyer], What is written in the law [of Moses]? how readest thou [how do you read it, what does it say]? And he [the lawyer] answering said, Thou shalt [you shall] love the Lord thy God with all thy [your] heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and [thou shalt love] thy neighbour as [you love (or should love)] thyself [yourself]. And he [Jesus] said unto him [the lawyer], Thou hast [you have] answered right [correctly]: this do, and thou shalt live [forever in heaven]."
Verse 29: "But he [the lawyer], willing to justify himself [or make it appear that he was a righteous man], said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?"
Verse 30: "And Jesus answering said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves [got attacked by robbers], which stripped him of his raiment [clothing], and wounded him, and [then] departed [went away], leaving him half dead [near death]."
Verse 31-32: "And by chance there came down a certain [Jewish] priest that way: and when he saw him [the man who had been attacked], he passed by on the other side [of the road]. And likewise [in a similar manner] a Levite [religious leader--assistant to the priests], when he was at the [same] place, came [over to where the injured man was lying] and looked on him, and [then] passed by on the other side [of the road]."
Verses 33-34: "But a certain Samaritan [whose people were hated by the Jews because they were 'half-breeds' (half-Jewish and half-Gentile)--see Note 1 below], as he journeyed [traveled], came [to the place] where he [the injured man] was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on [sympathy for] him, And [the Samaritan] went to him [the injured man], and bound up [bandaged] his wounds, pouring in oil and wine [which he used as medicine to cleanse and heal the wounds], and set him [the injured man] on his own beast [of burden; i.e., the Samaritan's mule or donkey], and brought him [the injured man] to an inn, and took care of him."
Verse 35: "And on the morrow [the next day] when he [the Samaritan] departed [left, went away], he took out two pence [see Note 2 below], and gave them to the host [innkeeper], and said unto him, Take care of him [the injured man]; and whatsoever thou spendest more [any extra amount that you spend], when I come again, I will repay thee [you]."
Verses 36-37: "Which now of these three [people--priest, Levite, Samaritan], thinkest thou [do you think], was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves? And he [the lawyer] said, He that shewed [showed] mercy [kindness, compassion] on him [the injured man]. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise [do the same thing, or follow his example]."
At the end of his commentary on this parable, Albert Barnes wrote:
"Go, and do thou likewise - Show the same kindness to 'all' - to friend and foe - and 'then' you will have evidence that you keep the law, and not 'till' then. Of this man we know nothing farther; but from this inimitably beautiful parable we may learn:
"1. That the knowledge of the law is useful to make us acquainted with our own sinfulness and need of a Saviour.
"2. That it is not he who 'professes' most kindness that really loves us most, but he who will most deny himself that he may do us good in times of want.
"3. That religion requires us to do good to 'all' people, however 'accidentally' we may become acquainted with their calamities.
"4. That we should do good to our enemies. Real love to them will lead us to deny ourselves, and to sacrifice our own welfare, that we may help them in times of distress and alleviate their wants.
"5. That he is really our neighbor who does us the most good - who helps us in our necessities, and especially if he does this when there has been 'a controversy or difference' between us and him.
"6. We hence see the beauty of religion. Nothing else will induce people to surmount their prejudices, to overcome opposition, and to do good to those who are at enmity with them [meaning people who hate them or are their enemies]. True religion teaches us to regard every man as our neighbor; prompts us to do good to all, to forget all national or sectional distinctions, and to aid all those who are in circumstances of poverty and want. If religion were valuable for nothing 'but this,' it would be the most lovely and desirable principle on earth, and all, especially in their early years, should seek it. Nothing that a young person can gain will be so valuable as the feeling that regards all the world as one great family, and to learn early to do good to all.
"7. The difference between the Jew and the Samaritan was a difference in 'religion' and 'religious opinion;' and from the example of the latter we may learn that, while people differ in 'opinions' on subjects of religion, and while they are zealous for what they hold to be the truth, still they should treat each other kindly; that they should aid each other in necessity; and that they should thus show that religion is a principle superior to the love of sect, and that the cord which binds man to man is one that is to be sundered [split apart] by no difference of opinion, that Christian kindness is to be marred by no forms of worship, and by no bigoted attachment for what we esteem the doctrines of the gospel."
(Source: https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-10.html, "Verse 37")
Note 1: For background information on Samaritans, read the GotQuestions.org article entitled "What is a Samaritan?" Here's the link: https://www.gotquestions.org/what-is-a-Samaritan.html.
Note 2: According to Wikipedia, pence is the same as denarius--a silver coin which was the usual day's wage for a laborer in Bible times.
Psalm 78:58: "For they [the children (people, nation) of Israel] provoked him [Almighty God] to anger [which means they made God very angry] with their high places [where other 'gods' were worshiped in Bible times--see note below*], and [they] moved him to jealousy with their graven images [idols]."
The above verse is true for the people of all nations and religions on earth, not just Israel.
*Biblical definition of high places: places of worship on elevated pieces of ground. Source: https://www.gotquestions.org/high-places.html