Verse 18: "And when the LORD raised them up judges [appointed godly judges as rulers], then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies [rescued the children of Israel (Israelites, Jews) from their enemies] all the days of the judge [for as long as he lived]: for it repented the LORD [he felt sorry for them] because of their groanings [because they complained so much] by reason of them that [about those who] oppressed [overpowered] them and vexed [tormented] them."
Verse 19: "And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned [to their evil ways], and corrupted themselves more than their fathers [were worse than previous generations], in following other gods [idols] to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings [didn't stop 'doing their own thing' (i.e., they forgot about God)], nor from their stubborn way."
1 Corinthians 11:3 [the apostle Paul, in a letter to the Corinthian church]: "But I would have you know, that the head of every man is [Jesus] Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God [the Father]."
According to the Bible, especially in regard to the Christian religion, women are subordinate to (lower in rank or position than, under the authority or control of) men, men are subordinate to Jesus, and Jesus is subordinate to God. In other words, God has the top position (#1), then Jesus (#2), then men (#3), then women (#4).
Luke 18:9-14 - Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector:
Verses 9-10: "And he [Jesus] spake this parable [story] unto certain [men] which trusted in themselves [who believed that because of their good works] that they were righteous, and despised [hated] others: Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee [member of a religious group that taught strict observance of Jewish tradition], and the other a publican [tax collector]."
Verses 11-13: "The Pharisee stood and prayed thus [like this] with [respect to] himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners [those who take things from others through force or threats], unjust [those who are not fair or honest in their dealings], adulterers [men who are unfaithful to their wives], or even as this publican [an admitted sinner]. I fast twice in the week [on Monday and Thursday, per Jewish custom], I give tithes [a tenth] of all that I possess [to God, via the temple]. And the publican, standing afar off [at a distance from the temple], would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven [would not look up], but smote upon his breast [struck (hit) his chest], saying, God be merciful to me a sinner."
Verse 14: "I tell you, this man [the publican] went down to his house justified [saved (having been made righteous in God's sight)] rather than the other [the Pharisee]: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased [brought low, made humble]; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted."
1 John 3:18 [the apostle John, in a letter to born-again Christians]: "My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue [not just by saying that we love someone]; but in deed and in truth [but by doing things which show that our professed love is sincere and real]."
Psalm 100:4: "Enter into his gates [the doors of the temple, church, or other places of public worship] with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise:[*] be thankful unto him [God], and bless his name [i.e., give him honor, praise, and thanks]."
*Note: In Bible days, gates referred to the gates which led to the temple itself, and courts referred to the open spaces surrounding the temple.
Proverbs 16:4: "The LORD hath made all things for himself [for his glory]: yea [yes], even the wicked for the day of evil."
In other words, God created everything for his pleasure and to show his handiwork, demonstrate his power and greatness, serve his purposes, and bring glory (praise and honor) to his name.
Salem Bible Church has an excellent commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch16_html/Prov.16.4.htm.
Verse 26: "Likewise [in the same way as was discussed in the preceding verses] the [Holy] Spirit also helpeth our infirmities [weaknesses]: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought [i.e., we don't know how to pray in the proper way]: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us [assists or aids us, guides us in our prayers] with [our] groanings [sighs, moans, or similar sounds] which cannot be uttered [spoken]."
Verse 27: "And he that searcheth the hearts [God] knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit [knows what desires the Holy Spirit has instilled (produced) in our hearts], because he [the Holy Spirit] maketh intercession for the saints [helps born-again Christians pray] according to the will of God."
In other words, God has promised to answer our prayers when we obey him and pray in accordance with his will. The Holy Spirit helps us do both of those things.
Psalm 12:6: "The words of the LORD [as recorded in the Bible] are pure words [they are true (not mixed with any falsehood) and can be trusted, or relied upon]: as silver tried [as pure as silver which has been refined repeatedly] in a furnace of earth [on or in the earth], purified seven times [i.e., made free from impurities]."
Mark 16:14-15: "Afterward [after the resurrection] he [Jesus] appeared unto the eleven [apostles; i.e., the ones who were left after Judas died] as they sat at meat [while they were eating], and upbraided [scolded] them with [for] their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which [didn't believe those who] had seen him after he was risen [from the grave]. And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature [tell everyone the plan of salvation so they know what they must do to be saved from hell]."
Psalm 106:1: "Praise ye the LORD. O give thanks unto the LORD [always, for all things]; for [because] he is good: for his mercy endureth [endures, lasts] for ever."
Jeremiah 33:3 [God, speaking to the prophet Jeremiah in prison]: "Call unto me [through prayer], and I will answer thee [you], and shew thee [show you] great and mighty things, which thou knowest not."
1 Corinthians 11:14: "Doth not even nature itself [a deep internal sense of what is right and wrong] teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him [it is improper and disgraceful]?"
Proverbs 18:8: "The words of a talebearer [someone who tells secrets or spreads gossip, rumors, etc.] are as wounds [are harmful/hurtful to the 'victim'], and they go down [as if that person had swallowed poison] into the innermost parts of the belly."
Verses 6-8: "Go to [learn from] the ant, thou sluggard [lazy person]; consider her ways, and be wise: Which having no guide, overseer, or ruler [without having someone to tell her what to do; i.e., doing it by instinct], Provideth her meat [searches for food] in the summer, and gathereth her food in the [time of] harvest."
Verses 9-11: "How long wilt thou [will you] sleep, O sluggard? when wilt thou arise out of thy sleep [get up]? Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep: So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth [step by step, or gradually], and thy want [the realization that you don't have things you want or need shall come] as an armed man [like a thief in the night]."
As usual, I recommend the Salem Bible Church commentaries on these verses. If you want to read them, here are the links:
Verses 6-8: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch6_html/Prov.6.6.htm
Verses 9-11: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch6_html/Prov.6.9.htm
John 3:19-20: "And this is the condemnation [the reason why people are sent to hell], that light [Jesus Christ and the gospel] is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light [they preferred error (false doctrine) over truth, and sin instead of righteousness (salvation)], because their deeds [works, actions] were evil. For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved [detected and punished]."
Galatians 6:9: "And let us not be weary in well doing [don't let us get tired of doing good]: for in due season [probably on judgment day] we shall reap [rewards; i.e., be rewarded or repaid for our good deeds], if we faint not [if we don't give up or don't stop doing good things]."
1 John 2:3-4: "And hereby we do know that we know him [are saved, or born again], if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him [Jesus], and keepeth not [does not obey] his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him."
Genesis 1:26-27: "And God [the Father] said [to the Son (Jesus) and Holy Spirit], Let us make man in our image, after our likeness [to look like us]: and let them have dominion [authority, control] over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air [birds], and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing [wild animals, etc.] that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them."
Proverbs 25:17: "Withdraw thy foot from thy neighbour's house; lest he be weary of thee, and so hate thee."
In other words, don't visit your friends too often (don't be a pest), or they'll become "sick and tired" of you. A common saying to illustrate this point is, "Familiarity breeds contempt."
1 Corinthians 6:19-20 [the apostle Paul, in a letter to the Corinthian Church]: "What? know ye not [don't you know] that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [Holy Spirit] which is in you [in your heart], which ye have of [were given by] God, and ye are not your own [master]? For ye are bought with a price [i.e., the blood that Jesus shed on the cross]: therefore glorify [honor] God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's [which belong to God]."
Luke 12:6-7: "Are not five sparrows sold [in Bible times] for two farthings [small coins of little worth], and not one of them is forgotten before God? But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of more value [to God] than many sparrows."
Luke 6:38: "Give [to the poor and needy], and it shall be given unto you; good measure [full measure, as when you fill a measuring cup to the brim with solid food, like figs or grapes], pressed down, and shaken together [to make room for more], and running over [overflowing], shall men give into your bosom* [to you]. For with the same measure [generosity] that ye mete withal [measure out, give to others] it shall be measured [given] to you again."
In other words, God will make sure that your charitable deeds are repaid.
*According to the commentary by Albert Barnes: "The word 'bosom' here has reference to a custom among Oriental nations of making the bosom or front part of their garments large, so that articles could be carried in them, answering the purpose of our pockets." (Source: www.godvine.com/bible/luke/6-38)
Psalm 111:10: "The fear of the LORD [reverence (deep respect) for God; fear of offending him] is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do [obey] his commandments: his praise endureth [endures, will remain in existence] for ever."
Proverbs 25:5: "Take away the wicked [counselors, advisors, etc.] from before the king [or other ruler (prime minister, president, etc.)], and his throne [government] shall be established in righteousness."
Salem Bible Church has an excellent commentary on this verse. If you want to read it, here's the link: www.salembible.org/biblestudies/proverbs_notes/ch25_html/Prov.25.4.htm.
Please note: The commentary on verse 5 is combined with verse 4, which says: "Take away the dross from the silver, and there shall come forth a vessel for the finer."
Psalm 34:14: "Depart from [turn aside from, stay away from, stop doing] evil, and do good [things]; seek peace, and pursue it [i.e., keep trying to achieve and preserve peace, and to restore it if necessary (get it back if lost)]."
Matthew 13:24-30 - Parable of the Wheat and Tares:
Verse 24: "Another parable put he forth unto them [Jesus told his disciples another short story that teaches a moral or religious lesson], saying, The kingdom of heaven [the church of God on earth, or the effect of the gospel being preached] is likened unto [compared to] a man which sowed [scattered] good seed in his field:"
Verses 25-27: "But while men slept [during the night], his enemy came and sowed [planted] tares [false wheat; poisonous, grassy weeds that resemble wheat] among the wheat, and went his way [departed, went away]. But when the blade [plant] was sprung up [from the ground; i.e., when it sprouted, started to grow], and brought forth fruit [the wheat grain], then appeared the tares also [they were first noticed or discovered]. So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares? [If you sowed good seeds, where did the tares come from?]"
Verses 28-30: "He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we [do you want us to] go and gather them up? But he said, Nay [no]; lest [otherwise] while ye gather up the tares, ye root [pull] up also the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn."
In the above parable …
The man who sowed the good seed (through preaching of the gospel) is Jesus.
The field is the "world."
The enemy who sowed the bad seed, or tares (through teaching of false doctrine) is the devil (Satan).
The wheat represents true believers, or born-again Christians.
The tares represent false believers, hypocrites, and deceived people in the church.
The harvest is the end of the world (judgment day) …
when the reapers (angels) will be told to separate the wheat from the tares. Then …
The tares will be burned (sent to hell), and
The wheat will be gathered into the barn (go to heaven).
Note: Albert Barnes has a very interesting explanation of tares in his commentary on verse 25, in the paragraph beginning with "The tare abounds all over the East, …." If you want to read it, click on the link (www.godvine.com/bible/matthew/13-25) and scroll down to "Barnes' Notes."
If you're interested in learning more about wheat, I recommend the "Wheat Fun Fact Sheet," which includes a diagram of a wheat plant. Here's the link: www.kfb.org/Assets/uploads/kaileypdfs/WheatFunFactGuide.pdf.
2 Peter 1:20-21: "Knowing this first [as a very important truth], that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation [i.e., the Bible was written by God, not man]. For the prophecy [everything that the prophets taught, including prediction of future events] came not [didn't come] in old time [in the Old Testament] by the will [suggestion] of man: but holy men of God [prophets, etc.] spake [spoke and wrote] as they were moved [inspired, influenced, guided] by the Holy Ghost [Holy Spirit]."
Proverbs 6:30-31: "Men do not despise a thief, if he steal to satisfy his soul when he is hungry; But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house."
In other words, most of us are inclined to show compassion (pity and sympathy) rather than hatred for poor people who steal food because they're hungry, but theft is still a sin in God's eyes and must be punished according to the law.
Proverbs 16:29: "A violent man [a cruel person; someone who uses physical force to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something] enticeth [tempts, lures, deceives, persuades] his neighbour, and leadeth him into the way that is not good."
Hebrews 4:12: "For the word of God [the 'truth' of God, as recorded in the Bible] is quick [alive], and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder [cutting through and causing separation] of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of [is able to detect, discover, judge] the thoughts and intents [intentions] of the heart [mind, conscience]."